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Second Punic War facts for kids

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Second Punic War
Part of the Punic Wars
Mediterranean at 218 BC-en

The Mediterranean in 218 BC
Date Spring 218 – 201 BC
(17 years)
Location Italia, Hispania, North Africa, Sicily, Sardinia, Antic Liguria, Greece
Result Roman victory over Carthage
Territorial
changes
*Roman conquest of Carthaginian Iberia
Participants
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Roman Republic
Aetolian League
Pergamon
Numidia
Iberian tribes
Celtiberian tribes
Carthage standard.svg Carthage
Ancient kingdoms of Liguria
Syracuse
Masaesyli
Massylii
Vergina Sun - Golden Larnax.png Macedon
Other Greek states
Iberian tribes
Celtiberian tribes
Commanders and leaders
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Scipio Africanus
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Fabius Cunctator
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Publius Cornelius Scipio 
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Tiberius Sempronius
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Gaius Flaminius 
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Claudius Marcellus 
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Terentius Varro
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Claudius Nero
Carthage standard.svg Hannibal
Carthage standard.svg Hasdrubal Barca 
Carthage standard.svg Mago 
Carthage standard.svg Hasdrubal Gisco
Syphax (POW)
Carthage standard.svg Hanno the Elder
Vergina Sun - Golden Larnax.png Philip V
Strength
768,500
  • 54,000 Active Roman soldiers
  • 53,500 Roman capital detail
  • 388,000 Socii
  • 273,300 Reserves
Unknown
Casualties and losses
500,000 dead (300,000 killed in action)
400 towns destroyed
270,000 dead
770,000 dead
The Romans enslaved 14 Italian and Sicilian towns and massacred the entire population of two other towns.

The Second Punic War was a war Hannibal and Scipio Africanus fought in 218 BC-202 BC. Hannibal was from Carthage. Scipio was from Rome. Hannibal had war elephants. Hannibal scared the Romans by invading them over the mountains, and kept winning battles by being a good general. No one else came to help Hannibal, even though he was doing well, so eventually Hannibal had to leave and go back to Carthage. Hannibal lost in the Battle of Zama, which was fought near the city of Carthage.

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