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Publius Cornelius Scipio
Escipión africano.JPG
Roman bronze bust of Scipio Africanus the Elder from the National Archaeological Museum, Naples (Inv. No. 5634),
dated mid-first century BC
Excavated from the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum by Karl Jakob Weber, 1750–65.
Consul of the Roman Republic
In office
1 January 205 BC – 1 January 204 BC
Serving with P. Licinius Crassus Dives
Preceded by Q. Caecilius Metellus and L. Venturius Philo
Succeeded by M. Cornelius Cethegus and P. Sempronius Tuditanus
In office
1 January 194 BC – 1 January 193 BC
Serving with Ti. Sempronius Longus
Preceded by M. Porcius Cato and L. Valerius Flaccus
Succeeded by L. Cornelius Merula and Q. Minucius Thermus
Personal details
Born 236 BC
Rome, Italy, Roman Republic
Died 183 BC (aged 53)
Liternum, Roman Republic
Spouse(s) Aemilia Tertia
Children Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus (priest), Lucius Cornelius Scipio (praetor), Cornelia Africana Major, Cornelia Africana
Military service
Allegiance Roman Military banner.svg Roman Republic
Rank Proconsul
Battles/wars Second Punic War
Battle of Ticinus
Battle of the Trebia
Battle of Cannae
Battle of Cartagena
Battle of Baecula
Battle of Ilipa
Battle of Utica
Battle of the Great Plains
Battle of Zama
Roman–Seleucid War
Battle of Magnesia

Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus (236–183 BC) was a general in the Second Punic War and a politician of the Roman Republic. He was best known for defeating Hannibal of Carthage.

Scipio won the battle of Zama in North Africa. He got the last name Africanus and became known as one of the best commanders in military history. The battle was a complete disaster for Carthage, who had to beg for peace, and were given humiliating terms by Rome.

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