The Aeneid (Latin: Aeneis) is an epic poem written by Virgil between 29 and 19 BC. It tells the story of "pious Aeneas".
Aeneas is a Trojan warrior who had to leave his city because the Greeks captured Troy after a long war. It starts with Aeneas carrying his father Anchises out of the burning Troy. It ends with Aeneas landing on the shores of Italy, fighting in the region of Rome. It can be read as indirect propaganda in favour of Augustus, the Roman Emperor of the day.
The story is written in hexameters, a type of verse.
Images for kids
Paul Cézanne, Aeneas Meeting Dido at Carthage, ca. 1875, Princeton University Art Museum
Virgil, holding a volume on which is written the Aenid. On either side stand the two muses: "Clio" (history) and "Melpomene" (tragedy). The mosaic, which dates from the 3rd Century AD, was discovered in the Hadrumetum in Sousse, Tunisia and is now on display in the Bardo Museum in Tunis.
Folio 22 from the Vergilius Vaticanus—flight from Troy
Virgil Reading the Aeneid to Augustus and Octavia, by Jean-Joseph Taillasson, 1787, an early neoclassical painting (National Gallery, London)