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Jupiter (mythology) facts for kids

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God of the sky and lightning
Member of the Archaic and Capitoline Triads
Giove, I sec dc, con parti simulanti il bronzo moderne 02.JPG
A marble statue of Jupiter from c. 100 AD
Other names Jove
Venerated in
  • Imperial cult of ancient Rome
  • Polytheistic religion
Abode Rome
Symbol Lightning bolt, eagle, oak tree
Personal information
Consort Juno
Children Mars, Vulcan, Bellona, Juventas
Parents Saturn and Ops
Siblings Roman tradition: Juno, Ceres, Vesta
Greco-Roman: Pluto and Neptune
Greek equivalent Zeus

Jupiter (Latin: Iuppiter) is the king of the gods in Roman mythology. He was the god of the sky and thunder. He is known as Zeus in Greek mythology. His brother's name was Pluto and his sister was Ceres.

Life of Jupiter


Saturn, who was the previous king of the gods, began to swallow the children that he had with his wife,(Greek equivalent Rhea), when they were born. This was because he had been warned that one of his children would overthrow him. Saturn swallowed the children Neptune, Pluto, Ceres, Juno and Vesta. When Ops realised that she was pregnant with Jupiter, she had the baby secretly and moved to Crete, giving a stone wrapped in baby clothes to Saturn for him to eat. Saturn believed he had eaten Jupiter but Jupiter was saved.

Overthrowing Saturn

After Jupiter was raised by his mother, his destiny was to take over his own father, Saturn, as revenge for all he had done to his brothers and sisters in the past. When Jupiter grew up, he made Saturn vomit up all of the children he had swallowed. All the brothers and sisters joined forces and overthrew Saturn.

Battle of the Titans

Then, with the help of the Cyclopses and the Hundred-handed Giants, they declared war on Saturn and the other Titans. Jupiter finally defeated the Titans and they were imprisoned in Tartarus.

Dividing the universe

Jupiter and his brothers divided the universe into three parts, Jupiter obtaining the heavens, Neptune the sea and Pluto the underworld. This is how Jupiter became the king of the gods.

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Jupiter (mythology) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.