Pompeii facts for kids

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Mt Vesuvius 79 AD eruption
The black mark respresents ash to show how much of Pompeii was covered

Pompeii was a Roman city. Now it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

On 24 August, 79 AD, a volcano called Mount Vesuvius erupted and destroyed the city and its people, killing 2,000 of them.

Pompeii is now considered one of the world's most important historical sites because the way the volcanic ash preserved the city and its people gives historians and archaeologists a vivid picture of life in the Roman Empire around 2,000 years ago.

Archaeologists have found graffiti written by the people who lived in the town.

People often wrote on walls, and archaeologists have been able to read some of what they wrote. Pompeii is an interesting attraction for tourists from around the world and is visited by 2.5 million people every year.


Early History

The town was started around the year 600 BC. It was started by a group of people from central Italy, the Osci. They chose to start it in this location because it was already an important location for trade by both land and sea. By the 5th century BC, Pompeii had become part of Rome. While under Roman control, Pompeii was improved a lot. The Romans built Aqueducts, and these were used to provide the citizens with water.

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