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Charles III
Charles III of Spain high resolution.jpg
Portrait by Anton Raphael Mengs, c. 1761
King of Spain (more...)
Reign 10 August 1759 – 14 December 1788
Predecessor Ferdinand VI
Successor Charles IV
King of Naples and Sicily
Reign 15 May 1734 – 6 October 1759
Coronation 3 July 1735, Palermo Cathedral
Predecessor Charles VI
Successor Ferdinand IV & III
Duke of Parma and Piacenza
Reign 29 December 1731 – 3 October 1735
Predecessor Antonio Farnese
Successor Charles VI
Born 20 January 1716
Royal Alcazar of Madrid, Spain
Died 14 December 1788(1788-12-14) (aged 72)
Royal Palace of Madrid, Spain
Burial El Escorial
Spouse Maria Amalia of Saxony
Issue
Detail
Infanta Maria Josefa
Maria Luisa, Holy Roman Empress
Infante Philip, Duke of Calabria
Charles IV of Spain
Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
Infante Gabriel
Infante Antonio Pascual
Infante Francisco Javier
Full name
Spanish: Carlos Sebastián de Borbón y Farnesio
Italian: Carlo Sebastiano di Borbone e Farnese
House Bourbon
Father Philip V of Spain
Mother Elisabeth Farnese
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature Charles III's signature

Charles III (20 January 171614 December 1788) was a king of Spain and the oldest son of Philip V and Elisabeth Farnese. He ruled Spain from 1759 until his death in 1788. After he died, his son, Charles IV, became king. He was also the king of Naples and Sicily from 1734 until 1759. In those places he was known as Charles VII of Naples and Charles V of Sicily. He was the builder of the Palace of Caserta as well as the Royal Palace of Madrid.

Charles III grew up in Madrid. When he was 16 years old, he went to live in Parma, a city in Italy. He ruled that city, and the nearby city of Piacenza as their Duke from 1731 until 1734. In 1738 he married the Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony. They had 13 children. Only 8 of them lived to be adults.

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