Charles IV of Spain facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Charles IV
King of Spain
Reign December 14, 1788March 19, 1808
Predecessor Charles III
Successor Ferdinand VII
Spouse Maria Luisa of Parma
Issue
Carlota, Queen of Portugal
Maria Luisa, Queen of Etruria
Ferdinand VI, King of Spain
Infante Carlos, Count of Molina
Maria Isabella, Queen of the Two Sicilies
Infante Francisco de Paula
Full name
Carlos Antonio Pascual Francisco Javier Juan Nepomuceno Jose Januario Serafin Diego de Borbón y Sajonia
Father Charles III of Spain
Mother Maria Amalia of Saxony
Born November 11, 1748
Palace of Portici, Italy
Died January 20, 1819(1819-01-20) (aged 70)
Rome, Italy
Burial El Escorial

Charles IV (November 11, 1748 - January 20, 1819) was King of Spain from December 14, 1788 until his abdication on March 19, 1808. Later that year, Joseph Bonaparte became king.

Marriage and children

Charles IV married his first cousin Princess Maria Luisa, the daughter of Philip, Duke of Parma, in 1765. The couple had fourteen children, six of whom survived into adulthood:

  • Carlos Clemente of Spain (19 September 1771 – 7 March 1774) died in infancy.
  • Carlota Joaquina of Spain (25 April 1775 – 7 January 1830) married John VI of Portugal and had issue.
  • Maria Luisa of Spain (11 September 1777 – 2 July 1782) died in infancy.
  • Maria Amalia of Spain (9 January 1779 – 22 July 1798) married her uncle Infante Antonio Pascual of Spain no issue.
  • Carlos Domingo of Spain (5 March 1780 – 11 June 1783) died in infancy.
  • Maria Luisa of Spain (6 July 1782 – 13 March 1824) married Louis of Parma and had issues.
  • Carlos Francisco of Spain (5 September 1783 – 11 November 1784) died in infancy.
  • Felipe Francisco of Spain (5 September 1783 – 18 October 1784) died in infancy.
  • Ferdinand VII of Spain (14 October 1784 – 29 September 1833) succeeded his father as King of Spain.
  • Carlos of Spain, Count of Molina (29 March 1788 – 10 March 1855), later the first Carlist pretender.
  • María Isabella of Spain (6 June 1789 – 13 September 1848) married Francis I, King of the Two Sicilies and had issues.
  • Maria Teresa of Spain (16 February 1791 – 2 November 1794) died in infancy.
  • Felipe Maria of Spain (28 March 1792 – 1 March 1794) died in infancy.
  • Francisco Antonio de Paula of Spain, Duke of Cadiz (10 March 1794 – 13 August 1865)

Titles and styles

  • 11 November 1748 – 10 August 1759 His Royal Highness the Prince of Taranto
  • 10 August 1759 – 14 December 1788 His Royal Highness the Prince of Asturias
  • 14 December 1788 – 19 March 1808 His Majesty the King
  • 19 March 1808 – 20 January 1819 His Majesty King Carlos


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Charles IV of Spain Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.