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State of the Church

Stato della Chiesa
Status Ecclesiasticus
754–1870
Interregna (1798–1799, 1809–1814 and 1849)
Flag of Papal States
[[Flag of Vatican City|Flag (1825–1849, 1849–1870)]]
Coat of arms until 19th century of Papal States
Coat of arms until 19th century
Anthem: 
  • Noi vogliam Dio, Vergine Maria (1815–1857)
    (Italian)
    "We want God, Virgin Mary"
  • Marcia trionfale (1857–1870)
    (Italian)
    "Great Triumphal March"
The Papal States in 1815 after the Napoleonic Wars
The Papal States in 1815 after the Napoleonic Wars
Map of the Papal States (green) in 1700, including its exclaves of Benevento and Pontecorvo in Southern Italy, and the Comtat Venaissin and Avignon in Southern France.
Map of the Papal States (green) in 1700, including its exclaves of Benevento and Pontecorvo in Southern Italy, and the Comtat Venaissin and Avignon in Southern France.
Capital Rome
Common languages Latin, Italian, Occitan
Religion
Roman Catholic
Government Theocratic absolute elective monarchy
Pope  
• 754–757
Stephen II (first)
• 1846–1870
Pius IX (last)
Cardinal Secretary of State  
• 1551–1555
Girolamo Dandini (first)
• 1848–1870
Giacomo Antonelli (last)
Prime Minister  
• 1848
Gabriele Ferretti (first)
• 1848
Giuseppe Galletti (last)
History  
• Establishment
754
781
• Treaty of Venice (independence from the Holy Roman Empire)
1177
• 1st disestablishment
February 15, 1798
• Schönbrunn Palace Declarations
May 17, 1809
• 2nd disestablishment
September 20, 1870
February 11, 1929
Population
• 1853
3,124,668
Currency
  • Papal States scudo (until 1866)
  • Papal States lira (1866–1870)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Byzantine Empire
Roman Republic (18th century)
First French Empire
Roman Republic (19th century)
Roman Republic (18th century)
First French Empire
Roman Republic (19th century)
Kingdom of Italy
Prisoner in the Vatican
Today part of

The Papal States, officially the State of the Church (Italian: Stato della Chiesa Latin: Status Ecclesiasticus; also Dicio Pontificia), were a series of territories in the Italian Peninsula under the direct sovereign rule of the Pope, from the 8th century until 1870.

By 1861, much of the Papal States' territory had been conquered by the Kingdom of Italy. In 1870, the Pope lost Lazio and Rome and had no physical territory at all, except the Vatican.

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