Pope Pius IX facts

Blessed Pius IX
Papacy began June 16, 1846
Papacy ended 7 February, 1878
Predecessor Pope Gregory XVI
Successor Pope Leo XIII
Personal details
Birth name Giovanni Maria Mastai-Feretti
Born May 31, 1792
Senigallia, Marche, Papal States
Died February 7, 1878(1878-02-07) (aged 85)
Apostolic Palace, Vatican City
Motto Crux de Cruce
Other Popes named Pius

Pope Pius IX (Latin: Pius PP. IX, Italian: Pio IX; May 13, 1792 – February 7, 1878), born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Feretti, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 256th Pope 1846 until his death. Only Saint Peter himself led the church longer than the 32-year reign of Pius IX.

In 2000, he was beatified, which is a step in the process of naming a saint of the Catholic Church.

Career

Mastai-Feretti was ordained as a priest in 1819.

Bishop

Father Mastai-Feretti was named Bishop of Spoletto in 1827. In 1877, the Golden Jubilee celebrations recalled the 50 years since he was named a bishop.

Cardinal

In 1840, Pope Gregory XVI made Bishop Mastai-Feretti a cardinal.

Pope

Cardinal Mastai-Feretti was elected Pope in 1846; and he took the name Pius IX.

In 1846, Piux IX declared an amnesty for political prisoners.

In 1848 he ordered that the gates to the Jewish ghetto in Rome be knocked down.

Pius formally defined the dogma of the Immaculate Conception.

Papal States

In 1849, Pius was deposed as the temporal ruler of the Papal States. As a result of Italian nationalism and the Risorgimento, the pope spent his last years a virtual prisoner within the Vatican.

First Vatican Council

In 1869-1870, Pope Pius brought together the church's bishops and cardinals in a meeting called the Vatican Council. The council defined the dogma of papal infallibility.

Pius died at age 85.

After his death

The process of recognizing Pius IX as a saint began in 1907.

The body of Pope Pius IX was exhumed in 1956. This was part of a ceremony of "recognition".

Preparations for beatification were almost finished in 1962; and they were completed in 1984.

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