Pope Leo XIII facts
|Pope Leo XIII|
|Papacy began||February 20 1878|
|Papacy ended||July 20 1903|
|Predecessor||Pope Pius IX|
|Successor||Pope Pius X|
|Birth name||Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaelle Luigi Pecci|
|Born||March 2 1810
Carpineto Romano, département of Rome, French Empire
|Died||July 20, 1903
Apostolic Palace, Vatican City
|Other Popes named Leo|
Pope Leo XIII (Latin: Leo PP. XIII; Italian: Leone XIII, March 2, 1810—July 20, 1903), born Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaele Luigi Pecci, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 257th Pope from 1878 until his death.
Pope Gregory XVI granted Pecci the title Monsignore. In 1903, there were Golden Jubilee celebrations which recalled the 50 years since he was named a cardinal.
In 1846, he visited London where he had an audience with Queen Victoria.
Pecci was Bishop of Perugia for thirty-two years, from 1846 to 1878.
Pope Pius IX raised him to the rank of cardinal in 1853.
In 1878, Cardinal Pecci was elected Pope.
After his election, Pope Leo never went outside the gates of the Vatican.
Age age 93, the pope died from pneumonia and old age.
After his death
Bishop Pecci as Nuncio in Brussels
Bishop Pecci enters Perugia in 1846
Giuseppe Pecci in 1872. At the urgent requests of the College of Cardinals, Leo XIII in 1879 elevated his brother, Giuseppe Pecci, a Jesuit and prominent Thomist theologian, into their ranks.
John Henry Newman was raised into the College of Cardinals by Pope Leo XIII.
In 1901, Pope Leo XIII welcomed Eugenio Pacelli, later Pope Pius XII, on his first day of fifty-seven years of service in the Vatican (1901–1958).
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