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Maria Theresa
Kaiserin Maria Theresia (HRR).jpg
Born (1717-05-13)May 13, 1717
Hofburg, Vienna, Austria
Died 1780
Hofburg, Vienna, Austria
Burial 3 December 1780
Imperial Crypt, Vienna
Spouse Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
Issue Archduchess Maria Anna
Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor
Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen
Archduchess Maria Elisabeth
Archduke Charles Joseph
Maria Amalia, Duchess of Parma
Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
Archduchess Maria Johanna Gabriela
Archduchess Maria Josepha
Maria Carolina, Queen of Naples and Sicily
Ferdinand, Duke of Modena
Marie Antoinette, Queen of France
Archduke Maximilian Francis
Father Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

Maria Theresa of Austria (May 13, 1717November 29, 1780) was the only female head of the Habsburg Dynasty. She was the Holy Roman Empress, queen of Hungary and Bohemia, and archduchess of Austria. During her rule she changed the royal palace outside Vienna (the Austrian capital) to look much like Versailles. Vienna itself became an important center for the arts, especially music. Maria Theresa added support to her absolute power by tightening her hold on the government. She also improved conditions for the peasants. She is generally known to history as the Empress Maria Theresa.


Marie-Thérèse d'Autriche (1717-1780), atelier d'Anton von Maron
Maria Theresa of Austria in 1772.

Maria Theresa was born in Vienna, Austria, on May 13, 1717. Her parents were Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor and Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.

Maria Theresa was married to Duke Francis Stephan I of Lorraine for love. They had sixteen children who are named here:

  • Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria (1737–1740)
  • Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (1738–1789)
  • Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria (1740–1741)
  • Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II (1741–1790)
  • Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria, Duchess of Teschen (1742–1798)
  • Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria (1743–1808)
  • Archduke Charles Joseph of Austria (1745–1761)
  • Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria (1746–1804)
  • Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II (1747–1792)
  • Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria (stillborn 1748)
  • Archduchess Maria Johanna Gabriela of Austria (1750–1762)
  • Archduchess Maria Josepha of Austria (1751–1767)
  • Queen Maria Carolina of Austria of Naples and Sicily (1752–1814)
  • Queen Marie Antoinette of France and Navarre, born Maria Antonia (1755–1793)
  • Archduke Maximilian Francis of Austria (1756–1801)

Maria Theresa died in Vienna, Austria, on November 29, 1780. She was the Archduchess of Austria and queen of Bohemia and Hungary. Oldest daughter of Charles VI.

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Kids robot.svg In Spanish: María Teresa I de Austria para niños

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