Bratislava facts for kids

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Bratislava
City
Bratislava Montage.jpg
Bratislava Montage
Flag of Bratislava.svg
Flag
Coat of Arms of Bratislava.svg
Coat of arms
Nickname: Beauty on the Danube, Little Big City
Country Slovakia
Region Bratislava
Districts Bratislava I, II, III, IV, V
Rivers Danube, Morava, Little Danube
Elevation 134 m (440 ft)
Coordinates
Highest point Devínska Kobyla
 - elevation 514 m (1,686 ft)
Lowest point Danube River
 - elevation 126 m (413 ft)
Area 367.584 km² (142 sq mi)
 - urban 853.15 km² (329 sq mi)
 - metro 2,053 km² (793 sq mi)
Population 462,603 (2012-01-02)
 - urban 586,300
 - metro 659,578
Density 1,258 /km² (3,258 /sq mi)
First mentioned 907
Government City council
Mayor Milan Ftáčnik
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 8XX XX
Phone prefix 421 2
Car plate BA, BL
Location in Slovakia
Location in Slovakia
Locator Red.svg
Location in Slovakia
Location in the Bratislava Region
Location in the Bratislava Region
Location in the Bratislava Region
Wikimedia Commons: Bratislava
Statistics: MOŠ/MIS
Website: bratislava.sk

Bratislava is the capital city of Slovakia. About 450,000 people live there. It used to be called Pressburg (German) or Pozsony (Hungarian) and by some other names. Bratislava is the seat of national government, the presidency, and the parliament. It has several museums, galleries and of other educational, cultural and economic institutions.

There is a small Old Town, and a castle called Bratislavský Hrad. The Danube river goes through Bratislava.

Etymology

Bratislava had many names through its history. Here are some of them:

  • German: Preßburg (now spelled Pressburg)
  • Slovak: Prešporok, from German name
  • Hungarian: Pozsony (still used today by Hungarians)
  • Greek (medieval): Istropolis (meaning the Danube City)
  • Latin: Posonium
  • English: Pressburg(h)/Pressborough

and many others.

Geography

Bratislava is in the extreme southwest of Slovakia, on the borders with Austria and Hungary, and not far from the Czech Republic border. It is on the Morava and Danube rivers.

History

People have lived here since the Neolithic age. The Celts inhabited this area from 400 BC-50 BC. The Roman Empire set up border military camps near Bratislava from the 1st century until the 5th century, for example "Gerulata". The Slavs started moving here from the 6th century. Bratislava was part of the Slavic empire called Great Moravia in the 9th century. From the second half of the 10th century until 1918, it was part of the Kingdom of Hungary, with some exceptions. It was even capital of the Kingdom between 1524 and 1830/1848. After the World War I ended in 1918, it was part of newly founded Czechoslovakia until 1939, when it became capital of World War II Slovak Republic until 1945. After 1945, it was part of Czechoslovakia again, becoming capital of Slovak Socialist Republic (which was still part of Czechoslovakia) in 1968. After the event called Velvet Divorce, when the Czechoslovakia broke up, Bratislava became capital of Slovakia.

Sightseeing

Hlavne namestie
Main square in the Old Town

List of notable structures:

  • Bratislava Castle
  • St. Martin's Cathedral
  • Primate's Palace
  • Bratislava town hall
  • Michael's Gate
  • Grassalkovich Palace
  • Nový Most (New Bridge)
  • Kamzík TV Tower
  • Devín Castle

Economy

Economy of Bratislava is prosperous and based on automobile industry, chemical industry and services. The unemployment (people without work) is lowest in Slovakia (around 2%, compared to the national average 7%). Approximately 250,000 people from all over the Slovakia travel to Bratislava for work.

Transport

Einsteinova
Motorway D1 in Bratislava

Position of Bratislava made it a natural crossroads for international traffic. It is a motorway junction, rail junction, has its own international airport. The international river traffic passes along the Danube through Bratislava, with its own river port.

Bratislava has its own public transport system, with buses, trams and trolleybuses.

Territorial division

Bratislava is divided into 5 national districts and 17 city parts:

  • District I: Staré mesto (Old Town)
  • District II: Ružinov, Vrakuňa, Podunajské Biskupice
  • District III: Rača, Nové mesto (New Town), Vajnory
  • District IV: Karlova Ves, Dúbravka, Devín, Devínska Nová Ves, Záhorská
  • District V: Petržalka, Jarovce, Rusovce, Čunovo

Further it is divided into 20 cadastral areas, which are identical with the city parts with 2 exceptions:

  • Nové mesto = Nové mesto + Vinohrady
  • Ružinov = Ružinov + Nivy + Trnávka

Twin towns

Bratislava parts
Bratislava districts

Pictures

Images for kids


Bratislava Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.