Spanish Inquisition facts for kids
|Tribunal of the Holy Office of the Inquisition in Spain
Tribunal del Santo Oficio de la Inquisición
Seal for the Tribunal in Spain
Tribunal under the election of the Spanish monarchy, for upholding religious orthodoxy in their realm
|Established||1 November 1478|
|Disbanded||15 July 1834|
|Seats||Consisted of a Grand Inquisitor, who headed the Council of the Supreme and General Inquisition, made up of six members. Under it were up to 21 tribunals in the empire.|
|Grand Inquisitor and Suprema designated by the crown|
The Spanish Inquisition was a tribunal started in 1478 in Spain. It was started by Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile, with the assistance of Tomás de Torquemada. During the Spanish Inquisition many people were burnt in front of crowds in the streets. In practice, the Spanish Inquisition served to consolidate power in the monarchy of the newly unified Spanish kingdom, but it achieved that end through infamously brutal methods.
The rulers of Spain asked the Pope to start the Inquisition to catch Jews who pretended to be Christians. In 1492 they commanded all Jews to leave Spain. Many left, but many stayed and said they were Christians. The Inquisition became busy deciding which ones were lying. In 1502 the Muslims were also ordered out. Some parts of Spain actually enforced this order. When Protestants appeared, the Inquisition said they were just pretending to be Christians. Most trials ended with the defendant simply giving up his beliefs and being let go.
The Inquisition became less active in later years and was completely abolished in 1834.
Images for kids
The burning of a 16th-century Dutch Anabaptist Anneken Hendriks, who was charged with heresy
The Inquisition Tribunal as illustrated by Francisco de Goya
Auto-da-fé, Plaza Mayor in Lima, Viceroyalty of Peru, 17th century
Auto-da-fé, Plaza Mayor in Madrid, 1683
Contemporary illustration of the auto-da-fé of Valladolid, in which fourteen Protestants were burned at the stake for their faith, on May 21, 1559
Spanish Inquisition Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.