Sulla facts for kids

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Lucius Cornelius Sulla
Sulla Glyptothek Munich 309.jpg
Lucius Cornelius Sulla
Dictator of the Roman Republic
In office
82 or 81 BC – 81 BC
Preceded by Gaius Servilius Geminus in 202 BC
Succeeded by Gaius Julius Caesar in 49 BC
Consul of the Roman Republic
In office
88 BC – 88 BC
Preceded by Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo and Lucius Porcius Cato
Succeeded by Lucius Cornelius Cinna and Gnaeus Octavius
In office
80 BC – 80 BC
Preceded by Gnaeus Cornelius Dolabella and Marcus Tullius Decula
Succeeded by Appius Claudius Pulcher and Publius Servilius Vatia
Personal details
Born c. 138 BC
Rome, Italia, Roman Republic
Died 78 BC (aged c. 60)
Puteoli, Italia, Roman Republic
Nationality Roman
Political party Optimates
Spouse(s)
  • Julia (first wife)
  • Aelia (second wife)
  • Cloelia (third wife)
  • Caecilia (fourth wife)
  • Valeria (fifth wife)
Children
  • Lucius Cornelius Sulla
  • Cornelia
  • Faustus Cornelius Sulla
  • Cornelia Fausta
  • Cornelia Postuma
Military service
Allegiance Roman Military banner.svg Roman Republic
Branch/service Roman Army
Years of service 112-78 BC
Rank General
Battles/wars
  • Cimbrian War
  • Social War
  • Sulla's first civil war
  • First Mithridatic War
  • Siege of Athens and Piraeus
  • Battle of Chaeronea
  • Battle of Orchomenus
  • Sulla's second civil war

Lucius Cornelius Sulla (c. 138 BC – 78 BC), usually called Sulla, was a Roman general and statesman. He was a praetor (a commander of an army) in 97 BC, and held the office of Consul twice. He was the only man in history to have attacked and kept both Athens and Rome.

Sulla unconstitutionally marched his armies into Rome and defeated his enemy Gaius Marius in battle. After his second march on Rome, he revived the office of dictator. Sulla was made Dictator in 81 or 82 BC. He had the Senate draw up a list of those he considered enemies of the state and published the list in the Roman Forum. Plutarch states in his Life of Sulla (XXXI): "Sulla now began to make blood flow, and he filled the city with deaths without number or limit".

This was remembered when Caesar became Dictator.

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