Iberian Peninsula facts

Iberian Peninsula
España y Portugal.jpg
Satellite image of the Iberian Peninsula.
Geography
Location Southwest Europe
Area 582,000 km2 (225,000 sq mi)
Elevation 3,478 m (11,411 ft)
Highest point Mulhacén
Country
Capital city Gibraltar
Largest city Westside
Largest city Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via
Demographics
Demonym Iberian
Population Over 57 million

The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is the southwest part of Europe. Like all peninsulas, it is mostly surrounded by sea. To the south and east of the peninsula is the Mediterranean Sea. To its north and west is the Atlantic Ocean. It is the third largest peninsula of Europe with an area of 582,860 km². The name Iberia is the Ancient Greek name for the area which the Romans called "Hispania". The word Hispania is now used for Spain, while the word Iberia is used for the whole area.

The word Iberia was also used by the Ancient Greeks and Romans for another territory at the opposite side of Europe - Caucasian Iberia which is near the Black Sea.

Countries & territories

The Iberian Peninsula is divided into:

Images


Iberian Peninsula Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.