2010 Winter Olympics facts

XXI Olympic Winter Games
Host city Vancouver, BC, Canada
Nations participating 82
Athletes participating 2,623
Events 86 in 7 sports
Opening ceremony February 12
Closing ceremony February 28
Officially opened by Governor General Michaëlle Jean
Athlete's Oath Hayley Wickenheiser
Judge's Oath Michel Verrault
Olympic Torch Catriona LeMay-Doan, Steve Nash, Nancy Greene, Wayne Gretzky
Stadium BC Place Stadium

The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games, were the Winter Olympics that were held in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada in 2010. Both the Olympic and Paralympic Games were organized by the Vancouver Organizing Committee (VANOC). The XXI Olympic Winter Games were held from February 14 2010 to February 28 2010. Many of the 2010 events were held in the nearby resort community called Whistler, about an hour's drive north of Vancouver.

The 2010 Winter Olympics is the third Olympics hosted by Canada, and the first by the province of British Columbia. Previously, Canada was home to the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal and the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary. The villages of Whistler and Garibaldi bid for the games in 1976 but failed to win.

Participating nations

82 National Olympic Committees had teams in the 2010 Winter Olympics. Cayman Islands, Colombia, Ghana, Montenegro, Pakistan, Peru and Serbia were in their first winter Olympics. Also Jamaica, Mexico and Morocco came back to the Games after missing the Turin Games.

2010 Winter Olympics Participants
Countries that took part in the 2010 Winter Olympics (in green).
  • AlbaniaAlbania(1)
  • AlgeriaAlgeria(1)
  • AndorraAndorra(6)
  • ArgentinaArgentina(7)
  • ArmeniaArmenia(4)
  • AustraliaAustralia (40)
  • AustriaAustria(81)
  • AzerbaijanAzerbaijan(2)
  • BelarusBelarus(50)
  • BelgiumBelgium(9)
  • BermudaBermuda(1}
  • Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina(5)
  • BrazilBrazil(5)
  • BulgariaBulgaria(19)
  • Canada (206)
  • Cayman IslandsCayman Islands(1)
  • ChileChile(3)
  • China (90)
  • ColombiaColombia(1)
  • CroatiaCroatia(19)
  • Republic of CyprusCyprus(2)
  • Czech RepublicCzech Republic(92)
  • DenmarkDenmark(18)
  • EstoniaEstonia(30)
  • EthiopiaEthiopia(1)
  • FinlandFinland(95)
  • FranceFrance(108)
  • Georgia (country)Georgia(8)
  • Germany (153)
  • GhanaGhana(1)
  • United KingdomGreat Britain(52)
  • Greece (7)
  • Hong KongHong Kong(1)
  • HungaryHungary(16)
  • IcelandIceland(4)
  • IndiaIndia(3)
  • IranIran(4)
  • Republic of IrelandIreland(7)
  • IsraelIsrael(3)
  • ItalyItaly(109)
  • JamaicaJamaica(1)
  • JapanJapan(94)
  • KazakhstanKazakhstan(38)
  • North KoreaNorth Korea(2)
  • South KoreaSouth Korea(46)
  • KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan(2)
  • LatviaLatvia(59)
  • LebanonLebanon(3)
  • LiechtensteinLiechtenstein(7)
  • LithuaniaLithuania(8)
  • Republic of MacedoniaMacedonia(4)
  • MexicoMexico(1)
  • MoldovaMoldova(7)
  • MonacoMonaco(6)
  • MongoliaMongolia(2)
  • MontenegroMontenegro(1)
  • MoroccoMorocco(1)
  • NepalNepal(1)
  • NetherlandsNetherlands(34)
  • New ZealandNew Zealand(16)
  • NorwayNorway(99)
  • PakistanPakistan(1)
  • PeruPeru(3)
  • PolandPoland(50)
  • PortugalPortugal(1)
  • RomaniaRomania(29)
  • RussiaRussia(177)
  • San MarinoSan Marino(1)
  • SenegalSenegal(1)
  • SerbiaSerbia(11)
  • SlovakiaSlovakia(73)
  • SloveniaSlovenia(50)
  • South AfricaSouth Africa(2)
  • Spain (18)
  • SwedenSweden(106)
  • SwitzerlandSwitzerland(146)
  • Chinese TaipeiChinese Taipei(1)
  • TajikistanTajikistan(1)
  • TurkeyTurkey(5)
  • UkraineUkraine(47)
  • United States (215)
  • UzbekistanUzbekistan(3)

Costa Rica, Kenya, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Thailand, United States Virgin Islands and Venezuela did not join the 2010 Winter Olympics.

Sports

Fifteen winter sports events were in the 2010 Winter Olympics. The eight sports grouped as ice sports were: bobsled, luge, skeleton, ice hockey, figure skating, speed skating, short track speed skating and curling. The three sports grouped as alpine skiing and snowboarding events were: alpine skiing, freestyle skiing and snowboarding. The four sports grouped as Nordic events were: biathlon, cross-country skiing, ski jumping and Nordic combined.

Numbers in parentheses show the number of medal events for each sport.

  • Alpine skiing (10)
  • Biathlon (10)
  • Bobsleigh (3)
  • Cross-country skiing (12)
  • Curling (2)
  • Figure skating (4)
  • Freestyle skiing (6)
  • Ice hockey (2)
  • Luge (3)
  • Nordic combined (3)
  • Short track speed skating (8)
  • Skeleton (2)
  • Ski jumping (3)
  • Snowboarding (6)
  • Speed skating (12)

The opening and closing ceremonies and the events grouped as ice sports (excluding bobsleigh, luge and skeleton) were held in Vancouver and Richmond. The sports grouped as "Nordic events" were held in the Callaghan Valley near Whistler. All alpine skiing events were held on Whistler Mountain (Creekside) and sliding events (bobsleigh, luge and skeleton) were held on Blackcomb Mountain. Cypress Mountain was the place for the freestyle skiing (aerials, moguls and ski cross), and all snowboard events (half-pipe, parallel giant slalom, snowboard cross).

Vancouver 2010 was the first winter Olympics that both men's and women's hockey were played on a narrower, NHL-sized ice rink, measuring 200 ft × 85 ft (61 m × 26 m), instead of the international size of 200 ft × 98.5 ft (61 m × 30 m). The games were played at General Motors Place, home of the NHL's Vancouver Canucks, which was temporarily renamed Canada Hockey Place for the time of the Olympics. This change saved $10 million in construction costs and allowed an additional 35,000 spectators to attend Olympic hockey games. However, some European countries felt this would give North American players an advantage since they grew up playing on the smaller NHL-sized rinks.

Medal table

Here is the top of the medal table at the end of the games.

Medal numbers shown in bold are the highest in their section. Canada, the host nation is highlighted in lavender.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Canada Canada (CAN) 14 7 5 26
2 Germany Germany (GER) 10 13 7 30
3 United States United States (USA) 9 15 13 37
4 Norway Norway (NOR) 9 8 6 23
5 South Korea South Korea (KOR) 6 6 2 14
6 Switzerland Switzerland (SUI) 6 0 3 9
7 People's Republic of China China (CHN) 5 2 4 11
7 Sweden Sweden (SWE) 5 2 4 11
9 Austria Austria (AUT) 4 6 6 16
10 Netherlands Netherlands (NED) 4 1 3 8

2010 Winter Olympics Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.