National Hockey League facts for kids
|Founded||November 26, 1917
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
|Inaugural season||1917–18 NHL season|
|No. of teams||31 (32 in 2021)|
|Most recent champion(s)||St. Louis Blues
|Most championships||Montreal Canadiens
The National Hockey League or NHL, is the highest-level ice hockey league in the world. It has 31 teams - seven are from Canada and the other 24 are from the United States. The winner of the league each year wins the Stanley Cup.
The NHL began in 1917. Some of the owners in the National Hockey Association had problems with owner Edward Livingstone, so they got rid of him by creating a new league. There were five teams in 1917:
- Montreal Canadiens
- Montreal Wanderers
- Ottawa Senators (later St. Louis Eagles; not related to the current Ottawa Senators)
- Quebec Bulldogs (later Hamilton Tigers)
- Toronto Arenas (later St. Patricks, then Maple Leafs)
They played 22 games a year. The Wanderers had to stop playing in the first year because their arena burned down. Over the years some teams died out, and others were created: the Boston Bruins, New York Americans, Montreal Maroons, Pittsburgh Pirates (later Philadelphia Quakers), New York Rangers, Chicago Black Hawks and Detroit Cougars (later Falcons, then Red Wings).
Some teams folded during the Great Depression, so by 1942 there were only six teams:
- Boston Bruins
- Chicago Black Hawks
- Detroit Red Wings
- Montreal Canadiens
- New York Rangers
- Toronto Maple Leafs
There were only these six teams for 25 years, so they became known as the "Original Six".
By the 1940s, they were playing 50 games a year, but this increased slowly to 80 games by the 1970s. In 1967, the league increased to 12 teams. By 1979 it had 21 teams, and today it has 31. Some of the teams that no longer exist are the Oakland Seals, Minnesota North Stars (now the Dallas Stars), Winnipeg Jets (now the Arizona Coyotes), Kansas City Scouts (which became the Colorado Rockies and are now the New Jersey Devils), Hartford Whalers (now the Carolina Hurricanes), Quebec Nordiques (now the Colorado Avalanche) and Atlanta Thrashers (now the current Winnipeg Jets).
Today they play 82 games a year, plus four rounds of playoffs. The players make a lot of money (many make over a million dollars a year). Because they could make so much money, many Europeans came over to North America to play in the NHL. Today almost all the world's best hockey players are in the NHL.
List of teams
|Division||Team||City||Arena||Capacity||Founded||Joined||General manager||Head coach||Captain|
|Atlantic||Boston Bruins||Boston, Massachusetts||TD Garden||17,565||1924||Don Sweeney||Bruce Cassidy||Zdeno Chara|
|Buffalo Sabres||Buffalo, New York||KeyBank Center||19,070||1970||Jason Botterill||Phil Housley||Jack Eichel|
|Detroit Red Wings||Detroit, Michigan||Little Caesars Arena||19,515||1926||Ken Holland||Jeff Blashill||Vacant|
|Florida Panthers||Sunrise, Florida||BB&T Center||19,250||1993||Dale Tallon||Bob Boughner||Aleksander Barkov|
|Montreal Canadiens||Montreal, Quebec||Bell Centre||21,302||1909||1917||Marc Bergevin||Claude Julien||Shea Weber|
|Ottawa Senators||Ottawa, Ontario||Canadian Tire Centre||17,373||1992||Pierre Dorion||Guy Boucher||Vacant|
|Tampa Bay Lightning||Tampa, Florida||Amalie Arena||19,092||1992||Julien BriseBois||Jon Cooper||Steven Stamkos|
|Toronto Maple Leafs||Toronto, Ontario||Scotiabank Arena||18,819||1917||Kyle Dubas||Mike Babcock||Vacant|
|Metropolitan||Carolina Hurricanes||Raleigh, North Carolina||PNC Arena||18,680||1972||1979*||Don Waddell||Rod Brind'Amour||Justin Williams|
|Columbus Blue Jackets||Columbus, Ohio||Nationwide Arena||18,144||2000||Jarmo Kekalainen||John Tortorella||Nick Foligno|
|New Jersey Devils||Newark, New Jersey||Prudential Center||16,514||1974*||Ray Shero||John Hynes||Andy Greene|
|New York Islanders||New York City, New York
Uniondale, New York
|1972||Lou Lamoriello||Barry Trotz||Anders Lee|
|New York Rangers||New York City, New York||Madison Square Garden||18,006||1926||Jeff Gorton||David Quinn||Vacant|
|Philadelphia Flyers||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||Wells Fargo Center||19,500||1967||Ron Hextall||Dave Hakstol||Claude Giroux|
|Pittsburgh Penguins||Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania||PPG Paints Arena||18,387||1967||Jim Rutherford||Mike Sullivan||Sidney Crosby|
|Washington Capitals||Washington, D.C.||Capital One Arena||18,506||1974||Brian MacLellan||Todd Reirden||Alexander Ovechkin|
|Central||Chicago Blackhawks||Chicago, Illinois||United Center||19,717||1926||Stan Bowman||Joel Quenneville||Jonathan Toews|
|Colorado Avalanche||Denver, Colorado||Pepsi Center||18,007||1972||1979*||Joe Sakic||Jared Bednar||Gabriel Landeskog|
|Dallas Stars||Dallas, Texas||American Airlines Center||18,532||1967*||Jim Nill||Jim Montgomery||Jamie Benn|
|Minnesota Wild||Saint Paul, Minnesota||Xcel Energy Center||17,954||2000||Paul Fenton||Bruce Boudreau||Mikko Koivu|
|Nashville Predators||Nashville, Tennessee||Bridgestone Arena||17,113||1998||David Poile||Peter Laviolette||Roman Josi|
|St. Louis Blues||St. Louis, Missouri||Enterprise Center||18,724||1967||Doug Armstrong||Mike Yeo||Alex Pietrangelo|
|Winnipeg Jets||Winnipeg, Manitoba||Bell MTS Place||15,321||1999*||Kevin Cheveldayoff||Paul Maurice||Blake Wheeler|
|Pacific||Anaheim Ducks||Anaheim, California||Honda Center||17,174||1993||Bob Murray||Randy Carlyle||Ryan Getzlaf|
|Arizona Coyotes||Glendale, Arizona||Gila River Arena||17,125||1972||1979*||John Chayka||Rick Tocchet||Oliver Ekman-Larsson|
|Calgary Flames||Calgary, Alberta||Scotiabank Saddledome||19,289||1972*||Brad Treliving||Bill Peters||Mark Giordano|
|Edmonton Oilers||Edmonton, Alberta||Rogers Place||18,347||1972||1979||Peter Chiarelli||Todd McLellan||Connor McDavid|
|Los Angeles Kings||Los Angeles, California||Staples Center||18,230||1967||Rob Blake||John Stevens||Anze Kopitar|
|San Jose Sharks||San Jose, California||SAP Center||17,562||1991||Doug Wilson||Peter DeBoer||Joe Pavelski|
|Vancouver Canucks||Vancouver, British Columbia||Rogers Arena||18,910||1945||1970||Jim Benning||Travis Green||Vacant|
|Vegas Golden Knights||Paradise, Nevada||T-Mobile Arena||17,356||2017||George McPhee||Gerard Gallant||Vacant|
- An asterisk (*) denotes a franchise move. See the respective team articles for more information.
- The Edmonton Oilers, Hartford Whalers (now Carolina Hurricanes), Quebec Nordiques (now Colorado Avalanche), and original Winnipeg Jets (now Arizona Coyotes) all joined the NHL in 1979 as part of the NHL–WHA merger.
National Hockey League Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.