List of defunct and relocated National Hockey League teams facts for kids
This is a list of teams that once played in the National Hockey League but no longer exist. This includes franchises which have moved to different cities. The years of operation only reflect the time in which that team was in the NHL; it does not take into account any time in which the franchise operated in another league (such as the World Hockey Association).
Defunct and relocated teams
|First||First year in the NHL|
|Last||Last year in the NHL|
|PA||NHL (1918–1926) / Stanley Cup playoff (1927–present) appearances|
|SC||Stanley Cup wins|
|style="background:#ff9;"||Denotes active franchise|
|^||City would later receive a new franchise|
|Team||First||Last||Relocated to||Seasons||Record||Win%||PA||SC||Reason for relocation/disbandment||Reference|
|Montreal Wanderers||1917||1918||Defunct||1||1–5–0||.167||0||0||Lack of available players due to World War I and arena burned down|
|Quebec Bulldogs^||1919||1920||Hamilton Tigers||1||4–20–0||.167||0||0||Sold to a Hamilton-based company|
|Hamilton Tigers||1920||1925||Defunct||5||47–78–1||.377||0||0||Ceased operations due to players' strike; players were bought by the New York Americans.|
|Pittsburgh Pirates^||1925||1930||Philadelphia Quakers||5||67–122–23||.370||2||0||Financial problems during the Great Depression|
|Philadelphia Quakers^||1930||1931||Defunct||1||4–36–4||.136||0||0||Financial problems during the Great Depression|
|Ottawa Senators^||1917||1934||St. Louis Eagles||16||258–221–63||.534||9||4||Financial problems during the Great Depression|
|St. Louis Eagles^||1934||1935||Defunct||1||11–31–6||.292||0||0||Financial problems during the Great Depression|
|Montreal Maroons||1924||1938||Defunct||14||271–260–91||.509||11||2||Financial problems during the Great Depression|
|Brooklyn Americans^||1925||1942||Defunct||17||255–402–127||.406||5||0||Financial problems, plus lack of players due to World War II; formally ceased in 1946.|
|California Golden Seals^||1967||1976||Cleveland Barons||9||182–401–115||.343||2||0||In search of better financial conditions; Cleveland is the hometown of minority owner George Gund III.|
|Kansas City Scouts||1974||1976||Colorado Rockies||2||27–110–23||.241||0||0||Financial problems; sold to a group of investors with the intention to move.|
|Cleveland Barons||1976||1978||Minnesota North Stars (merge)||2||47–87–26||.375||0||0||Both teams with financial problems. To date, the Barons are the last NHL franchise to cease operations.|
|Atlanta Flames^||1972||1980||Calgary Flames*||8||268–260–108||.506||6||0||Financial problems; sold to Nelson Skalbania with the intention to move to Calgary.|
|Colorado Rockies^||1976||1982||New Jersey Devils*||6||113–281–86||.325||0||0||Sold to John McMullen in search of better financial conditions; New Jersey is McMullen's home state.|
|Minnesota North Stars^||1967||1993||Dallas Stars*||26||758–970–334||.449||17||0||In search of better financial conditions.|
|Quebec Nordiques||1979||1995||Colorado Avalanche*||16||497–599–160||.459||9||0||Financial problems; sold to a Denver-based group.|
|Winnipeg Jets^||1979||1996||Arizona Coyotes*||17||506–660–172||.442||11||0||Sold to a group of investors with the intention to move in search of better financial conditions.|
|Hartford Whalers||1979||1997||Carolina Hurricanes*||18||534–709–177||.438||8||0||In search of better financial conditions.|
|Atlanta Thrashers||1999||2011||Winnipeg Jets*||11||342–437–45–78||.447||1||0||Financial problems; sold to a Winnipeg-based company TNSE.|
- This team was not affiliated with the Pittsburgh Pirates of Major League Baseball (MLB).
- This team was not affiliated with the present-day Ottawa Senators.
- The team was formerly known as the New York Americans (1925–1941), and was not affiliated with the Rangers, the Islanders, or the Devils. In addition, the Devils relocated from East Rutherford to Newark in 2007, while the Islanders relocated from Uniondale to Brooklyn in 2015. However, the Devils and the Islanders have never relocated out of the New York metropolitan area.
- The team was formerly known as the California Seals (1967), Oakland Seals (1967–1970), and Bay Area Seals (1970).
- This team was not affiliated with the Colorado Rockies of MLB.
- This team was not affiliated with the present-day Winnipeg Jets.
- The Wanderers played four games during the 1917–18 before becoming defunct; a further two games were defaulted before the club folded.
- The Senators were on hiatus during the 1931–32 due to financial problems.
- The 2004–05 season was cancelled due to the season lockout.
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List of defunct and relocated National Hockey League teams Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.