Republic of Palau
Beluu er a Belau
Flag Seal
Anthem: Belau rekid
Our Palau
Capital Ngerulmud, Melekeok Statea
Largest city Koror
Official languages
Recognised regional languages
  • Japanese (in Angaur)
  • Sonsorolese (in Sonsoral)
  • Tobian (in Hatohobei)
Ethnic groups (2000)
  • 69.9% Palauan
  • 15.3% Filipino
  • 4.9% Chinese
  • 2.4% other Asian
  • 1.9% White
  • 1.4% Carolinian
  • 1.1% other Micronesian
  • 3.2% other / unspecified
Demonym Palauan
Government Unitary presidential democratic republic
 -  President Tommy Remengesau
 -  Vice President Antonio Bells
Legislature National Congress
 -  Compact of Free Association with the United States 1 October 1994 
 -  Total 459 km2 (196th)
177 sq mi
 -  Water (%) negligible
 -  2011 estimate 20,956 (218th)
 -  Density 28.4/km2
45.5/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $164 million (not ranked)
 -  Per capita $8,100 (119th)
HDI (2011) 0.782
high · 49th
Currency United States dollar (USD)
Time zone (UTC+9)
Drives on the right
Calling code +680
Internet TLD .pw
a. On 7 October 2006, government officials moved their offices in the former capital of Koror to Ngerulmud in Melekeok State, located 20 km (12 mi) northeast of Koror on Babelthaup Island and 2 km (1 mi) northwest of Melekeok village.
Palau-CIA WFB Map
Map of Palau

Palau, officially the Republic of Palau, is an island nation. It is in the Pacific Ocean. Palau is 300 miles (500 km) east of the Philippines. It got independence from United Nations trusteeship administration (administered by the United States of America) in 1994. It is one of the world's youngest and smallest nations. It is sometimes referred to in English under its native name Belau. The capital city of Palau is Melekeok. This has been true since October 1, 2006.


States of Palau
The sixteen states of Palau

Palau is divided into sixteen administrative states:

  • Aimeliik
  • Airai
  • Angaur
  • Hatohobei
  • Kayangel
  • Koror
  • Melekeok
  • Ngaraard
  • Ngarchelong
  • Ngardmau
  • Ngatpang
  • Ngchesar
  • Ngeremlengui
  • Ngiwal
  • Peleliu
  • Sonsorol


Palau has a tropical climate all year round. Average yearly temperature is around 82 °F (27 °C).

Related pages


Palau Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.