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Crankies Plain Bridge
1466 - Crankies Plain Bridge - SHR Plan No 2666 (5051368b100).jpg
Heritage boundaries
Coordinates 36°53′54″S 149°16′09″E / 36.8982°S 149.2692°E / -36.8982; 149.2692Coordinates: 36°53′54″S 149°16′09″E / 36.8982°S 149.2692°E / -36.8982; 149.2692
Carries Main Road
Crosses Coolumbooka River
Locale Bombala, Snowy Monaro Regional Council, New South Wales, Australia
Owner Roads and Maritime Services
Characteristics
Design McDonald truss bridge
Material Timber
Total length 46 metres (150 ft)
Width 5 metres (15 ft)
Longest span 11 metres (35 ft)
Number of spans Two
History
Architect John McDonald
Constructed by NSW Public Works Department
Construction cost 2,964
Opened 1892
Official name Crankies Plain Bridge
Type State heritage (built)
Designated 20 June 2000
Reference no. 1466
Type Road Bridge
Category Transport - Land
Builders NSW Public Works

Crankies Plain Bridge is a heritage-listed road bridge that carries Main Road across the Coolumbooka River in Bombala, Snowy Monaro Regional Council, New South Wales, Australia. It was designed by John McDonald and built in 1892 by the New South Wales Public Works Department. The property is owned by Roads and Maritime Services, an agency of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 20 June 2000.

History

State transport and public works records indicate that it was built in 1892 for a cost of 2,964.

Description

The bridge consists of two 23-metre (75 ft) truss spans flanked by two timber girder spans at each end (one 11-metre (35 ft) and one 9-metre (30 ft) span at each end). All are supported by timber piers with piles driven into rock. The bridge width is 5 metres (15 ft) between kerbs at its narrowest.

It was reported to be in generally fair to good condition as at 13 September 2005, with maintenance by Roads and Maritime Services as it is a functioning road bridge.

Heritage listing

This bridge is a McDonald timber truss road bridge. Timber truss road bridges were extensively used in New South Wales because of the high quality of local hardwoods and the shortage of steel during the early decades of settlement of the state. The timber truss was highly developed for bridges in New South Wales, perhaps more so than anywhere else in the world at that time. The McDonald truss is a significant evolutionary link in the development of timber road bridges in New South Wales and has three standard span lengths, 20 metres (65 ft), 23 metres (75 ft), and 27 metres (90 ft). At March 1998 there were seven McDonald truss road bridges remaining in New South Wales, this bridge being a representative example. The bridge has been assessed as having State Significance.

Crankies Plain Bridge was listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 20 June 2000 having satisfied the following criteria.

The place is important in demonstrating the course, or pattern, of cultural or natural history in New South Wales.

McDonald truss bridges have historical significance because timber truss bridges were developed and refined in Australia to achieve the highest level of timber bridge construction for the time of their design and the McDonald truss is an important recognisable design in the evolution of timber truss bridges in NSW.

The place is important in demonstrating aesthetic characteristics and/or a high degree of creative or technical achievement in New South Wales.

McDonald truss bridges have aesthetic significance because they are evocative of Australian methods of bridge construction, in their materials, scale and configuration they reflect and express nineteenth century technologies and experiences and for the time of their design and construction they demonstrate the best quality design available.

The place has strong or special association with a particular community or cultural group in New South Wales for social, cultural or spiritual reasons.

McDonald truss bridges have social significance because their size and location contribute directly to the local area and they are a strong element in the local address.

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