kids encyclopedia robot

Diane Pretty facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Diane Pretty (15 November 1958 – 11 May 2002) was a British woman from Luton who was the focus of a debate about the laws of euthanasia in the United Kingdom during the early part of the 21st century. She had attempted to change British law so she could end her own life because of the pains and problems that she endured because of her terminal illness motor neurone disease. She said "I want to have a quick death without suffering, at home surrounded by my family".

Pretty had been diagnosed with motor neurone disease several years before. Over time, the disease worsened and made it impossible for her to move or communicate easily even though her mental faculties remained normal. ..... As such, assisting someone in committing ... who cannot do so themselves cannot be considered a "service" which can be deprived. Neither of these were argued in the courts.

Pretty took her case to court using the Human Rights Act 1998 to argue that the Director of Public Prosecutions should make a commitment not to prosecute anybody involved in helping her to die. She focused on Articles 3 and 8 in her argument. British courts did not accept Pretty's arguments, with the House of Lords, Britain's highest court at the time, eventually turning her case down. The European Court of Human Rights held in Pretty v. United Kingdom that the European Convention on Human Rights did not provide a right to die, and her appeal to that court also failed.

Pretty died aged 43 on 11 May 2002, as her health had deteriorated over the preceding months due to a series of lung and chest problems.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Diane Pretty para niños

kids search engine
Diane Pretty Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.