Dianthus facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Dianthus
Dianthus plumarius flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Dianthus
L.
species

About 300 species; see text

Dianthus is a genus of about 300 species of flowering plants in the family Caryophyllaceae, found mainly in Europe and Asia, with a few species found south to north Africa, and one species (D. repens) in Arctic North America. Common names include carnation (D. caryophyllus), pink (D. plumarius and related species) and sweet william (D. barbatus). The name Dianthus is from the Greek words dios ("god") and anthos ("flower"), and was mentioned by the Greek botanist Theophrastus.

Selected species

  • Dianthus alpinus - Alpine pink
  • Dianthus amurensis - Amur pink
  • Dianthus anatolicus
  • Dianthus arenarius - Sand pink
  • Dianthus armeria - Deptford pink
  • Dianthus barbatus - Sweet William
  • Dianthus biflorus
  • Dianthus brevicaulis
  • Dianthus callizonus
  • Dianthus campestris
  • Dianthus capitatus
  • Dianthus carthusianorum - Carthusian pink
  • Dianthus caryophyllus - Carnation or plove pink
  • Dianthus chinensis - China pink
  • Dianthus cruentus
  • Dianthus deltoides - Maiden pink
  • Dianthus erinaceus
  • Dianthus freynii
  • Dianthus fruticosus
  • Dianthus furcatus
  • Dianthus gallicus - French pink or Jersey pink
  • Dianthus giganteus
  • Dianthus glacialis
  • Dianthus gracilis
  • Dianthus graniticus
  • Dianthus gratianopolitanus - Cheddar pink
  • Dianthus haematocalyx
  • Dianthus japonicus
  • Dianthus knappii
  • Dianthus lusitanus
  • Dianthus microlepsis
  • Dianthus monspessulanus - Fringed pink
  • Dianthus myrtinervius - Albanian pink
  • Dianthus nardiformis
  • Dianthus nitidus
  • Dianthus pavonius
  • Dianthus petraeus
  • Dianthus pinifolius
  • Dianthus plumarius - Common pink
  • Dianthus pungens
  • Dianthus repens - Boreal carnation
  • Dianthus scardicus
  • Dianthus seguieri - Sequier's pink
  • Dianthus simulans
  • Dianthus spiculifolius
  • Dianthus squarrosus
  • Dianthus subacaulis
  • Dianthus superbus - Large pink
  • Dianthus sylvestris
  • Dianthus zonatus

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Dianthus Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.