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Equal Protection Clause facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

The Equal Protection Clause is part of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The clause, which took effect in 1868, provides that no state shall deny to any person within its jurisdiction "the equal protection of the laws".

State vs federal governments

The Equal Protection Clause itself applies only to the federal government. However, the Supreme Court held in Bolling v. Sharpe (1954) that equal protection requirements apply to state and local governments through the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment.

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Equal Protection Clause Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.