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Ernest Sachs
Born January 25, 1879
Died December 2, 1958 (1958-12-03) (aged 79)
Alma mater Harvard University
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
Occupation Neurosurgeon
Spouse(s) Mary Parmly Koues
Children 2 sons, 1 daughter
Parent(s) Julius Sachs
Rosa Goldman
Relatives Marcus Goldman (maternal grandfather)
Henry Goldman (maternal uncle)
Bernard Sachs (paternal uncle)
Samuel Sachs (paternal uncle)

Ernest Sachs (January 25, 1879 – December 2, 1958) was an American neurosurgeon. The grandson of Goldman Sachs's founder, he became Professor of Neurosurgery at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri in 1919. He was president of The Society of Neurological Surgeons from 1925 to 1927, and president of the American Neurological Association in 1943. Together with Harvey Cushing, he is known as the Father of Neurosurgery.

Early life

Ernest Sachs was born on January 25, 1879 in New York City. His father, Julius Sachs, was an educator. His mother, Rosa Goldman, was the daughter of Goldman Sachs's founder Marcus Goldman. He grew up in New York City, where he learned to play the cello from the age of six.

Sachs graduated from Harvard University in 1900. In 1904, he received a medical degree from the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, where he was taught by Professor William Osler, and he completed his three-year residency under the supervision of Arpad Gester at Mount Sinai Hospital in 1907. He subsequently spent three more years in Vienna, Berlin and London, where he studied under Sir Victor Horsley and he wrote a treatise about the thalamus.


Sachs became practising neurosurgery in New York City. In 1911, he moved to St. Louis, Missouri, where he taught neurosurgery at the Washington University School of Medicine. In 1919, he became the first Professor of Neurosurgery in the USA.

Sachs was a founding member of The Society of Neurological Surgeons, and he served as its Secretary-Treasurer from 1920 to 1924, and as its president from 1925 to 1927. He served as the president of the American Neurological Association in 1943. He also served on the board of directors of the American Board of Neurological Surgery. Additionally, Sachs was an honorary member of the Royal Society of Medicine and the Deutsche Akadamie der Naturforscher Leopoldina.

Sachs resigned from Washington University in 1949, and he became professor emeritus at the Yale School of Medicine.

Personal life and death

Sachs married Mary Parmly Koues, a playwright and poet, in 1913. They had two sons, Ernest Sachs, Jr. and Thomas Dudley Sachs, and a daughter, who died in 1927.

Sachs died on December 2, 1958 in New Haven, Connecticut.


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