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His Eminence Fernando Sebastián Aguilar C.M.F.
Archbishop Emeritus of Pamplona y Tudela
Church Roman Catholic Church
Archdiocese Pamplona y Tudela
See Pamplona y Tudela
Appointed 26 March 1993
Enthroned 15 May 1993
Reign ended 31 July 2007
Predecessor José María Cirarda Lachiondo
Successor Francisco Pérez González
Other posts Cardinal-Priest of Sant'Angela Merici (2014-19)
Ordination 28 June 1953
Consecration 29 September 1979
by Vicente Enrique y Tarancón
Created Cardinal 22 February 2014
Rank Cardinal-Priest
Personal details
Born (1929-12-14)14 December 1929
Calatayud, Spain
Died 24 January 2019(2019-01-24) (aged 89)
Málaga, Spain
Previous post
  • Bishop of León (1979–1983)
  • Secretary General of the Spanish Episcopal Conference (1982-88)
  • Coadjutor Archbishop of Granada (1988–93)
  • Apostolic Administrator of Málaga (1991-93)
  • Vice-President of the Spanish Episcopal Conference (1993-99; 2002-05)
  • Apostolic Administrator of Calahorra y La Calzada-Logroño (2003-04)
Alma mater
  • Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas
  • Institut Catholique de Paris
  • Université catholique de Louvain
Motto Veritas in Caritate
(Truth in Love)
Coat of arms {{{coat_of_arms_alt}}}
Styles of
Fernando Sebastián Aguilar, CMF
Coat of arms of Fernando Sebastian Aguilar.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal

Fernando Sebastián Aguilar CMF (Spanish pronunciation: [feɾˈnando seβasˈtjan aɣiˈlaɾ]; 14 December 1929 – 24 January 2019) was a Spanish cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and the Archbishop Emeritus of Pamplona y Tudela. Pope Francis created him a cardinal in a consistory of February 22, 2014.

Biography and Education

Sebastián Aguilar was born in Calatayud, Province of Zaragoza on 14 December 1929.

He entered the Congregation of the Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (Claretians) and made his religious profession on 8 September 1946. After completing his studies in philosophy and theology in the seminaries of the congregation, he was ordained a priest on 28 June 1953. Sebastián Aguilar obtained a doctorate in Sacred Theology from the Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum in 1957 with a dissertation entitled “Maternitatis divinae diversa ratio apud Didacum Alvarez et Franciscum Suarez”.

He was a member of the Sociedad Mariológica Española (1959) and director of the Revista Ephemerides Mariologicae (1966). In 1966, he founded the Iglesia Viva journal which he directed until 1971. He taught dogmatic theology in his religious congregation in Valls and Salamanca. He then served as professor, from 1967, and subsequently rector, from 1971 to 1979, of the Pontifical University of Salamanca.


Sebastián Aguilar was the archbishop emeritus of Pamplona y Tudela, having been archbishop from 26 March 1993 until 31 July 2007, when he was succeeded by Francisco Pérez González. Previously, he was bishop of León from 22 August 1979 until 28 July 1983 when he stepped down. He became archbishop co-adjutor of Granada on 8 April 1988, but did not succeed to that see because he was appointed to the aforementioned Pamplona y Tudela.


Pope Francis announced on 12 January 2014 that on 22 February the archbishop, along with 18 others, would be inducted into the College of Cardinals.


Sebastián Aguilar died on 24 January 2019 in Málaga at the age of 89 after having suffered a severe stroke just a few days prior on 20 January.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Fernando Sebastián Aguilar para niños

  • Cardinals created by Francis
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