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Gauss's law facts for kids
Electromagnetism 

Electricity · Magnetism 
Electric charge • Coulomb's law •
Electric field • Electric flux • Gauss's law • Electric potential energy • Electric potential • Electrostatic induction • Electric dipole moment • Polarization density 
Magnetostatics
Ampère's law • Electric current • Magnetic field •
Magnetization • Magnetic flux • Biot–Savart law • Magnetic dipole moment • Gauss's law for magnetism 
Electrodynamics
Lorentz force law • emf • Electromagnetic induction • Faraday’s law • Lenz's law • Displacement current • Maxwell's equations • EM field • Electromagnetic radiation • Liénard–Wiechert potential • Maxwell tensor • Eddy current

Electrical Network
Electrical conduction • Electrical resistance • Capacitance •
Inductance • Impedance • Resonant cavities • Waveguides 
Covariant formulation
Electromagnetic tensor • EM Stressenergy tensor • Fourcurrent • Electromagnetic fourpotential

Gauss's law (or Gauss's flux theorem) is a law of physics. The law is about the relationship between electric charge and the resulting electric field. In words, Gauss's law states that:
 The net electric flux through any closed surface is equal to ^{1}⁄_{ε} times the net electric charge enclosed within that closed surface.
The law was created by Carl Friedrich Gauss in 1835. However, it was not published until 1867. It is one of the four Maxwell's equations on classical electrodynamics. The other three are Gauss's law for magnetism, Faraday's law of induction, and Ampère's circuital law.