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Gentleman Farm Site facts for kids

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Gentleman Farm Site
Location in LaSalle County, Illinois, on the Illinois River
Area 1 acre

The Gentleman Farm Site is located in LaSalle County, Illinois, on the Illinois River. It is a multi-component site with the main occupation being a Langford Tradition component of Upper Mississippian affiliation.

History of archaeological investigations

The site was brought to the attention of the Illinois State Museum as it was scheduled to be destroyed during construction of the Bulls Island Cut-Off on the Illinois River. Salvage excavations took place in 1940, but a comprehensive site report was not generated until James A. Brown created one in 1967.

Significance

The Gentleman Farm site is a Langford Tradition site like the nearby Zimmerman (Heally Component), Fisher (B Complex) and Plum Island sites. Although there are no radiocarbon dates available from Gentleman Farm, based on dates obtained from sites with similar artifacts, the site is thought to date to approximately A.D. 1200–1500.

No house structures were present at the site, and based on the lack of household artifacts such as manos and milling stones, it is not thought to be a permanent village. It may have been a specialized site related to building the mound and/or interring the burials.

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