Government of Queensland facts for kids
Emblem of the Queensland Government and its agencies
Coat of arms of the State of Queensland, used for formal and ceremonial purposes.
|Legislature||Parliament of Queensland;
|Meeting place||Parliament House|
|Main organ||Cabinet of Queensland|
|Meeting place||Parliament House|
The Government of Queensland, also referred to as the Queensland Government, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of Queensland. The Government of Queensland, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1859 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, Queensland has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, Queensland ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth. Key state government offices are located at 1 William Street in the Brisbane central business district.
Executive and judicial powers
The Government of Queensland operates under the Westminster system, a form of parliamentary government based on the model of the United Kingdom. The Governor of Queensland, as the representative of the Monarch, holds nominal power, although in practice only performs ceremonial duties. The Parliament of Queensland holds legislative power, while executive power lies with the Premier and Cabinet, and judicial power is exercised by a system of courts and tribunals.
The Parliament of Queensland is the state's legislature. It consists of the Monarch (represented by the Governor), and a single chamber; the Legislative Assembly. Queensland is the only Australian state with a unicameral parliament after a second chamber, the Legislative Council, was abolished in 1922.
The Legislative Assembly has 89 members; one representing each electoral district in Queensland. Elections for the Legislative Assembly are held approximately every three years.
The Cabinet of Queensland is the government's chief policy-making organ, and consists of the Premier and all ministers.
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Queensland government agencies
The Queensland Government delivers services, determines policy and regulations, including legal interpretation, by a number of agencies grouped under areas of portfolio responsibility. Each portfolio is led by a government minister who is a member of the Parliament. As of April 2016[update] there were nineteen lead agencies, called government departments, that consist of:
- Department of the Premier and Cabinet
- Department of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Partnerships
- Department of Agriculture and Fisheries
- Department of Communities, Child Safety and Disability Services
- Department of Education and Training
- Department of Energy and Water Supply
- Department of Environment and Heritage Protection
- Queensland Health
- Department of Housing and Public Works
- Department of Infrastructure, Local Government and Planning
- Department of Justice and Attorney-General
- Department of National Parks, Sport and Racing
- Department of Natural Resources and Mines
- Queensland Police Service and Queensland Fire and Emergency Services
- Department of Science, Information Technology and Innovation
- Department of State Development
- Department of Transport and Main Roads
- Queensland Treasury
- Department of Tourism, Major Events, Small Business and the Commonwealth Games
A range of other agencies support the functions of these departments.
Images for kids
Queen Elizabeth II Courts of Law in Brisbane in which the Supreme Court of Queensland and District Court of Queensland sit
Government of Queensland Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.