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Hamilton Central railway station (New Zealand) facts for kids

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For the current railway station, see Hamilton railway station, New Zealand.
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Hamilton Central
Hamilton West railway station.jpg
1899 station and goods shed
Location New Zealand
Coordinates 37°47′13″S 175°16′43″E / 37.786892°S 175.278566°E / -37.786892; 175.278566Coordinates: 37°47′13″S 175°16′43″E / 37.786892°S 175.278566°E / -37.786892; 175.278566
Owned by KiwiRail
Line(s) East Coast Main Trunk (goods only)
Platforms 1
Connections North Island Main Trunk
History
Opened 1 October 1884
Closed 1 November 1969
Rebuilt 1964
Previous names Hamilton West until 1 March 1899
Services
Preceding station   Historical railways   Following station
Hamilton
Line open, station open
1.7 km (1.1 mi)
  East Coast Main Trunk
KiwiRail
  Claudelands
Line open, station closed
1.23 km (0.76 mi)

Hamilton Central was the name of a now-defunct railway station on the East Coast Main Trunk line which runs through the city of Hamilton in the Waikato region of New Zealand. The station was located in Hamilton's CBD and was made an underground station for the latter years of its existence before being closed. The underground platforms still exist.

For most of the time since a station opened on the site in 1879, it was named Hamilton. It had closed to regular passenger services when the present Hamilton station opened in 1975, so there was little need for formal renaming. There have been several proposals to reopen the station, often using the name 'Hamilton Central'.

The East Coast Main Trunk line is still well used by freight trains. In 2018, 163 trains a week passed through, 36 between 8am and 5pm weekdays, 90 of them outside those hours and 37 at weekends.

History

The station probably opened as Hamilton on 22 March 1879, with a lean-to station building, though in July 1879 it was said that it should take about a month to complete the extension. It only had 282 passengers in the year 1880/81 and closed on 19 February 1881. Probably it was affected by delays in opening Claudelands bridge; the 16 mi 73 ch (27.2 km) Eureka contract to Morrinsville was signed on 5 December 1883, though tenders had been invited over two years earlier.

On 1 October 1884 the station reopened as Hamilton West, when the Morrinsville line opened. By 1884 it had a 4th class station building, platform, cart approach, 60 ft (18 m) by 30 ft (9.1 m) goods shed and loading bank. In 1896 there was also a stationmaster's house, urinals and a passing loop for 38 wagons. In 1892 the station got improved and increased accommodation, with further improvements in 1897, 1899 and 1900, when a verandah was added.

The station was renamed Hamilton from 1 March 1899. In 1902 it was described as being, "of wood and iron, and has a ladies' waiting room, a public lobby, stationmaster's room, a long passenger platform, and a large goods shed. Four trains pass the station daily, each way." In 1905 the stationmaster's house was shifted and a porters room, parcels office and store added. The luggage room and verandah were extended in 1909. A crossing keeper controlled the Victoria Street crossing from 1912, when the platform was extended 200 ft (61 m) west and asphalted. In 1924 a new, larger storeroom at the Frankton end replaced one at the other end.

Work to underground the station began in 1961, with removal of sidings, a loading shelter and the goods shed. The line was lowered in 1964. Its platform was moved to a cutting from 1 September 1964. It lost its railcar service to Te Puke on 11 September 1967 and to Rotorua on 11 November 1968. It then lost its station building, which is now a café at Waikato University. In 1969 a new 3-storey, 23,700 sq ft (2,200 m2) Administration Building opened, built by Holm Construction Ltd. for the Ministry of Works and linked by a covered walkway to the Road Services terminal in Ward Street and the underground rail platform. By the mid 1970s most of the station had been covered by carparks, which were later covered by the Centre Place shopping centre. When the current Hamilton station opened on 6 August 1975, the rarely used platform was renamed Hamilton Travel Centre.

The station was once served by several named trains, including the Rotorua, Geyserland, Thames and Taneatua Expresses.

Chart of Hamilton NZ railway station passengers 1885-1950
tickets and season tickets sold at Hamilton 1885–1950 (derived from figures in table).

Traffic grew to a peak in World War 2, as shown in the graph and table below.

year tickets season tickets staff ref.
1885 2,554 1 2
1886 5,253 2
1887 5,246 1
1888 3,687 16 2
1889 3,504 29 2
1890
1891 3,328 31 2
1892 3,348 26 2
1893 3,702 38 2
1894 3,748 25 2
1895 3,958 2
1896 4,034 9 2
1897 4,447 7 2
1898 4,766 3 2
1899 5,303 2 2
1900 4,838 1 3
1901
1902 8,486 1 3
1903 11,358 4 4
1904 17,454 4 5
1905 19,885 126 6
1906 22,461 140 6
1907 25,893 212 7
1908 32,446 207 8
1909 35,357 202 8
1910 32,874 208 9
1911 35,269 150 9
1912 39,339 228 11
1913 49,704 275 16
1914 51,322 338
1915 48,465 387
1916 46,658 424
1917 48,529 466
1918 50,899 416
1919 59,170 339
1920 64,708 343
1921 70,815 449
1922 73,303 567
1923 71,486 589
1924 67,103 559
1925 59,705 435
1926 53,862 601
1927 49,481 618
1928 43,819 514
1929 43,922 606
1930 39,431 661
1931 59,360 567
1932 51,558 500
1933 55,308 503
1934 61,842 518
1935 65,478 547
1936 68,877 638
1937 73,951 578
1938 69,537 568
1939 63,611 527
1940 62,829 873
1941 75,496 481
1942 100,724 385
1943 156,825 387
1944 153,740 418
1945 84,973 269
1946 83,363 252
1947 49,293 144
1948 38,902 56
1949 34,925 64
1950 42,813 49

New Zealand's first underground station

Hamilton NZ Underground Railway Station
Hamilton Central Railway Station

Level crossings at Lake Rd, Seddon St and Victoria St, and rising population and levels of rail and road traffic, resulted in re-routing proposals from 1912, when council suggested the line could be lowered. It was turned down again in 1919, proposed as a diversion south of Frankton in 1929 and costed at £529,000 in 1938.

The National Roads Board then opted for it and, in September 1959, the Ministry of Works started the project. The platform was lowered about 20 ft (6.1 m) into a cut & cover tunnel approached on 1 in 80 gradients, with road over-bridges at River Rd, Tristram/Hinemoa, Seddon Streets and Lake Rd. The new route and platform opened on 19 September 1964, after which Anglesea St was extended north of Ward St.

An NZR bus station (replaced by the Transport Centre in 2001) was built on top of the station, with a ramp link to it, but the ramp was closed when the Warehouse was built in 2004, though a plan had been prepared to maintain access.

In 2020 reopening, possibly with 3 tracks and possibly just to the west, in Seddon Park, was put forward as a COVID-19 recovery scheme, as part of schemes to upgrade services to Auckland and relay tracks to Cambridge.

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