Hinamatsuri facts for kids
Hinamatsuri (雛祭り Hina-matsuri), also called Doll's Day or Girls' Day, is a special day in Japan. Hinamatsuri is celebrated each year on March 3. This is a day for thinking about the happiness and health of young girls in Japanese families.
Since the 8th century, it was traditional to have special days for children twice a year—March 3 for girls and May 5 for boys.
The focus of attention on Hinamatsuri is a display of dolls which are dressed in the fashion of the Heian period. The group of dolls represent the Imperial court (hina ningyō).
The Japanese term for the display steps is hina dan (雛壇). There may be five or seven steps.
First platform, the top
The top tier holds two dolls. They are imperial dolls (内裏雛 (だいりびな) dairi-bina).
The male doll is traditionally on the right, but sometimes the doll is on the left.
The second tier holds three court ladies san-nin kanjo (三人官女). Each holds something to do with sake.
The third tier holds five male musicians gonin bayashi (五人囃子).
Two Imperial ministers (daijin) may be displayed on the fourth tier
Images for kids
Hinamatsuri store display in Seattle, Washington featuring all 7 tiers.
Hinamatsuri Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.