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Jackson Tower
Jackson Tower (ex-Journal Building) from the southwest.jpg
Jackson Tower in 2011,
viewed from the southwest
Former names The Oregon Journal Building
Block 180 (Lots 7 and 8)
General information
Status Complete
Type Commercial offices
Architectural style Beaux-Arts
Location 806 SW Broadway
Portland, Oregon
Coordinates 45°31′06″N 122°40′47″W / 45.518472°N 122.679814°W / 45.518472; -122.679814
Construction started 1909
Completed 1912
Renovated 1972
Antenna spire 57.3 m (188 ft)
Roof 49 m (161 ft)
Technical details
Floor count 12
2 below ground
Floor area 4,793 m2 (51,590 sq ft)
Design and construction
Architect Reid & Reid
Main contractor Dinwiddie Construction Company
Journal Building
Built 1912
Architectural style Beaux Arts
NRHP reference No. 96000995
Added to NRHP July 12, 1996

Jackson Tower, formerly The Oregon Journal Building is a 12-story, 57.3 m (188 ft) glazed terra-cotta historic office building in downtown Portland, Oregon. Located on the corner of Broadway and Yamhill Streets, it enjoys a prominent location adjacent to Pioneer Courthouse Square.


The building was constructed to house the operations of the now-defunct Oregon Journal. The Journal occupied the structure from its completion in 1912 until July 4, 1948, when the newspaper moved to the larger quarters of the former Portland Public Market building on the Portland waterfront. In 1951, the structure was renamed Jackson Tower to honor the newspaper's founder, Charles Samuel Jackson. The impressive clock tower results from the common practice, at that time, of newspapers' integrating such structures into their headquarters. Additionally, 1,800 light bulbs illuminate the tower after dark. There were originally 2,400.

The Jackson Tower was renovated in 1972, and placed on the National Register of Historic Places (as the Journal Building) in 1996. The base of the building measures 100 ft × 100 ft (30 m × 30 m). The north portion of the ground floor has housed Margulis Jewelers for several decades.

Each of the 1,800 light bulbs screw directly into the facade. In addition to the tower's illumination, at one time the clocks used to chime every 15 minutes, but the bells were moved to the Journal's new building on the waterfront in June 1948. Each clockface is 12.5 feet in diameter. The clock itself does not currently function as of summer 2011.

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