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Kaposi's sarcoma facts for kids

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Kaposi's sarcoma, multiple haemorrhagic sarcoma
Synonyms Kaposi sarcoma
Kaposis sarcoma 01.jpg
Kaposi sarcoma. Characteristic purple lesions on the nose in an HIV-positive female.
Pronunciation
Symptoms Purple colored skin lesions
Types Classic, endemic, immunosuppression therapy-related, epidemic
Risk factors Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8), poor immune function
Diagnostic method Tissue biopsy, medical imaging
Similar conditions Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome, pyogenic granuloma, melanocytic nevi, melanoma
Treatment Surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, biologic therapy
Frequency 42,000 (new cases, 2018)
Deaths 20,000 (2018)

Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a type of cancer that can form masses in the skin, lymph nodes, or other organs. The skin lesions are usually purple in color. They can appear singularly, in a limited area, or be widespread. Lesions may be flat or raised.

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