Kwashiorkor facts for kids
|One child dies every five seconds as a result of malnutrition|
Kwashiorkor is a form of severe protein malnutrition characterized by edema, and an enlarged liver with fatty infiltrates. Sufficient calorie intake, but with insufficient protein consumption, distinguishes it from marasmus. Kwashiorkor cases occur in areas of famine or poor food supply. Cases in the developed world are rare.
The name is derived from the Ga language of coastal Ghana, translated as "the sickness the baby gets when the new baby comes" or "the disease of the deposed child", and reflecting the development of the condition in an older child who has been weaned from the breast when a younger sibling comes.
Breast milk contains amino acids vital to a child's growth. In at-risk populations, kwashiorkor may develop after a mother weans her child from breast milk, replacing it with a diet high in carbohydrates, especially sugar.
Signs and symptoms
The defining sign of kwashiorkor in a malnourished child is pitting edema (swelling of the ankles and feet). Other signs include a distended abdomen, an enlarged liver with fatty infiltrates, thinning of hair, loss of teeth, skin de-pigmentation and dermatitis.
Children with kwashiorkor often develop irritability and anorexia. Generally, the disease can be treated by adding protein to the diet; however, it can have a long-term impact on a child's physical and mental development, and in severe cases may lead to death.
Images for kids
This 1968 photograph, taken during the Nigerian-Biafran civil war inside a refugee camp, shows a corn soya milk (CSM) mixture that was being cooked into a bread-like food. CSM was a highly prized, protein enriched food distributed primarily to the numerous kwashiorkor stricken children during the Nigerian-Biafran war
Locally caught fish being dried and smoked before being distributed in a Nigerian refugee relief camp in the late 1960s during the Nigerian-Biafran civil war. The CDC helped to treat the 500,000 cases of malnutrition. Protein enriched foods, such as dried codfish and powdered milk, were made available to the children with the disease
Kwashiorkor Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.