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List of monastic houses in Cumbria facts for kids

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The following is a list of monastic houses in Cumbria, England, a modern county including all of the former Cumberland and Westmorland and parts of Lancashire.

Alien houses are included, as are smaller establishments such as cells and notable monastic granges (particularly those with resident monks), and also camerae of the military orders of monks (Knights Templars and Knights Hospitaller). Monastic hospitals are included where they had the status or function of an abbey, priory, friary or preceptor/commandery.

Abbreviations and key
Status of remains
Symbol Status
None Ruins
* Current monastic function
+ Current non-monastic ecclesiastic function (including remains incorporated into later structure)
^ Current non-ecclesiastic function (including remains incorporated into later structure) or redundant intact structure
$ Remains limited to earthworks etc.
# No identifiable trace of the monastic foundation remains
~ Exact site of monastic foundation unknown
Identification ambiguous or confused

Locations with names in italics indicate possible duplication (misidentification with another location) or non-existent foundations (either erroneous reference or proposed foundation never implemented) or ecclesiastical establishments with a monastic name but lacking actual monastic connection.

Trusteeship
EH English Heritage
LT Landmark Trust
NT National Trust



Foundation Image Communities & Provenance Formal Name or Dedication
& Alternative Names
Online References & Location
Appleby Whitefriars # Carmelite Friars
founded 1281 (c.1290-3) by Lords Vescy, Percy, and Clifford;
dissolved 1539


54°34′52″N 2°29′23″W / 54.5812325°N 2.4897417°W / 54.5812325; -2.4897417 (Appleby Whitefriars)
Armathwaite Nunnery Benedictine nuns
founded before 1200 (6 January 1089 dubiously purported), endowed by William Rufus;
dissolved 1537; granted to William Gryme or Carleil 1552/3
(church dedicated to Jesus Christ and the Blessed Virgin Mary)
____________________
Armethwaite Nunnery


54°46′43″N 2°43′17″W / 54.7787245°N 2.721439°W / 54.7787245; -2.721439 (Armathwaite Nunnery)
Bleatarn Grange Cistercian monks
grange dependent on Byland, Yorkshire;
founded during the reign of Henry II
Calder Abbey CalderAbbey.JPG Savignac monks — from Furness;
founded 10 January 1135-1137 by Ranulf Meschin, first Lord of Cumberland;
community released from jurisdiction of Furness to that of Savigny; establishment ruined;
transferred to Hood 1138;
Savignac monks — from Furness;
refounded c.1142-3, rebuilt;
Cistercian monks
orders merged 17 September 1147;
dissolved 1536; granted to Thomas Leigh 1538/9;
now in private ownership without public access
Caldre Abbey

54°26′39″N 3°27′55″W / 54.444053°N 3.465173°W / 54.444053; -3.465173 (Calder Abbey)
Carlisle Cathedral Priory + CarlisleCathedral.JPG purported monastery of monks and nuns founded 686 on land granted by Ecgfrith, King of Northumbria;
destroyed in raids by the Danes c.875;
rebuilt before 1092 by William Rufus and Walter, a Norman priest;
secular canons from before 1092;
Augustinian Canons Regular
founded 1122 and built by Henry I;
Augustinian Canons Regular — Arroasian(?) 1133;
dissolved 1540: last prior appointed as first dean of the cathedral;
episcopal diocesan cathedral
founded 1133; extant
The Priory Church of the Holy Trinity, Carlisle

The Cathedral Church of The Holy and Undivided Trinity, Carlisle (1133)
____________________
Carlilse Priory


54°53′41″N 2°56′19″W / 54.894713°N 2.938607°W / 54.894713; -2.938607 (Carlisle Cathedral Priory)
Carlisle Blackfriars Dominican Friars (under the Visitation of York)
founded (before?) 1233 outside the city walls, but ordered to be demolished for a highway; moved 1237;
dissolved 1539


54°53′34″N 2°56′10″W / 54.8928253°N 2.9360694°W / 54.8928253; -2.9360694 (Carlisle Dominican Friary)
Carlisle Greyfriars Franciscan Friars Minor, Conventual (under the Custody of Newcastle)
founded 1233;
church destroyed by fire in 1292 and rebuilt;
dissolved 1539


54°53′35″N 2°56′02″W / 54.8931153°N 2.9338163°W / 54.8931153; -2.9338163 (Carlisle Franciscan Friary)
Cartmel Priory + CartmelPriory.JPG Augustinian Canons Regular
founded 1189/94 by William Marshall, Baron of Cartmel and Earl of Pembroke;
dissolved 1536/7; granted to John Holcroft 1540/1;
church now in parochial use
Kertmel Priory

54°12′04″N 2°57′08″W / 54.201157°N 2.952321°W / 54.201157; -2.952321 (Cartmel Priory)
Chapel-le-Wood Cell Premonstratensian Canons
cell dependent on Cockersand


54°22′06″N 2°46′30″W / 54.3683054°N 2.7748954°W / 54.3683054; -2.7748954 (Chapel-le-Wood Cell)
Conishead Priory ^,
Ulverston
ConisheadPriory.JPG originally a hospital
founded 1160 (after 1154);
Augustinian Canons Regular
founded 1188 (before 1181) by Gamel de Pennington (or William de Lancaster II);
still occupied by canons at 16 October 1536;
country house named 'Conishead Priory' built on site: and currently the home of the Buddhist Manjushri Kadampa Meditation Centre
The Priory Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Conishead
____________________
Conisheved Priory


54°10′23″N 3°04′05″W / 54.1731427°N 3.0679321°W / 54.1731427; -3.0679321 (Conishead Priory)
Dacre Abbey monks
founded before 731;
destroyed c.875 by Vikings;
refounded before 926;
Parish Church of St Andrew built to the south of the site


54°37′56″N 2°50′17″W / 54.6322555°N 2.8380802°W / 54.6322555; -2.8380802 (Dacre Abbey (probable site)) (probable)
Furness Abbey FurnessAbbey.jpg Savignac monks — from Tulketh (Lancashire)
dependent on Savigny;
(founded 4 July 1124 at Tulketh by Stephen, Count of Boulogne);
transferred from Tulketh 1126 (1124-7);
Cistercian monks
orders merged 17 September 1147;
dissolved 1537; granted to Thomas Cromwell; (EH)
Furnes Abbey


54°08′08″N 3°11′53″W / 54.135513°N 3.198145°W / 54.135513; -3.198145 (Furness Abbey)
Hawkshead Grange Cistercian monks
grange of Furness;
founded c.1160;
17th century Hawkshead Old Hall incorporates remains of grange;
currently in use as a farmhouse


54°22′49″N 3°00′12″W / 54.3803512°N 3.0034626°W / 54.3803512; -3.0034626 (Hawkshead Grange)
Holmcultram Abbey +,
Abbeytown
HolmCultramAbbey.jpg Cistercian monks — from Melrose, Scotland
founded 30 December 1150 by Henry, son of David, King of Scotland;
dissolved 1538;
church in parochial use until destroyed in an arson incident 9 June 2006; roof and plasterwork replaced;
restoration ongoing, church in use again (2012)
Holm Cultram Abbey;
Holme Cultram Abbey


54°50′43″N 3°16′59″W / 54.8453699°N 3.2830641°W / 54.8453699; -3.2830641 (Holmcultram Abbey)
Holme Eden Abbey Benedictine nuns
removed from Fort Augustus, Invernessshire 1921;
dissolved 1983;
formerly Holme Eden Hall;
altered for use as a nursing home
Priory of Saint Scholastica

54°54′18″N 2°49′31″W / 54.904928°N 2.825383°W / 54.904928; -2.825383 (Holme Eden Abbey)
Kirkby Lonsdale Benedictine monks
manor of St Mary's Abbey, York — incorrectly asserted to have been a cell
Kirkby Stephen Benedictine monks
estate of St Mary's Abbey, York — incorrectly asserted to have been a cell
Lanercost Priory + LanercostPriory.JPG Augustinian Canons Regular — possibly from Pentney, Norfolk
founded c.1166 (or 1169) by Robert de Villibus, Lord of Gilleisland;
dissolved 1537; granted to Thomas Lord Dacre
part converted into private house named 'Dacre Hall'
church now in parochial use; (EH)
The Priory Church of Saint Mary Magdalene, Lanercost

54°57′57″N 2°41′44″W / 54.96587°N 2.695513°W / 54.96587; -2.695513 (Lanercost Priory)
Nunnery near Kirkoswald Benedictine nuns
house named 'Nunnery House' built on site


54°46′44″N 2°43′17″W / 54.778828°N 2.721401°W / 54.778828; -2.721401 (Nunnery near Kirkoswald)
Penrith Austin Friars Augustinian Friars (under the Limit of York)
founded c.1291;
dissolved 1539;
house named 'The Friarage' built on site 1717


54°39′51″N 2°44′55″W / 54.6640465°N 2.7485991°W / 54.6640465; -2.7485991 (Penrith Friary (site))
Preston Patrick (?)Abbey Premonstratensian Canons
daughter house of Cockersand;
founded after 1192(?);
transferred to Shap before 1201;
house named 'Challons Hall' built on or near site
The Abbey Church of Saint Mary Magdelene, Preston Patrick
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Preston Abbey


54°14′26″N 2°42′27″W / 54.2406446°N 2.7074111°W / 54.2406446; -2.7074111 (Preston Patrick Abbey (possible site)) (possible)
Ravenstonedale Priory Ravenstonedale priory ruins.jpg Gilbertine Canons
founded before c.1200;
dissolved 1539(?);
Parish Church of St Oswald built immediately to the south of the site
Ravenstonedale Cell

54°25′59″N 2°25′46″W / 54.43312°N 2.429481°W / 54.43312; -2.429481 (Ravenstonedale Priory)
St Bees Priory + StBeesPriory.JPG nuns cell?
founded before c.640? (during the reign of King Oswald by Bega; brief existence;
transferred to Hartlepool, Northumbria (County Durham);
or founded after 850 (c.900) by Bega — possible brief existence, though more likely an anchorites cell;
Benedictine monks
daughter house of St Mary's, York;
founded not before c.1120 by William Meschin, on site of earlier church (c.900?);
dissolved 16 October 1539; granted to Sir Thomas Challoner 1553/4;
church now in parochial use
The Priory Church of SS Mary and Bega, Saint Bees, Saint Bees Priory
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St Bee's Priory


54°29′38″N 3°35′37″W / 54.493913°N 3.593634°W / 54.493913; -3.593634 (St Bees Priory)
St Constantine's Cells Benedictine monks
three cells, hermitage dependent on Wetheral;
founded before 1112;
Seaton Priory SeatonPriory.JPG Benedictine nuns
daughter house of Nunburnholme, Yorkshire;
founded c.1190-1200 by Henry Kirby;
independent from after 1313;
dissolved 1540; granted to Hugh Askue 1541/2;
site now occupied by farmhouse named 'Seaton Hall'
Nunnery of Leakly, in Seaton;
Seton Priory;
Lekeley Priory


54°17′50″N 3°22′23″W / 54.297187°N 3.372929°W / 54.297187; -3.372929 (Seaton Priory)
Shap Abbey ShapAbbey.jpg Premonstratensian Canons
daughter house of Cockersand;
(community founded at Preston Patrick before 1192(?));
transferred 1201 (1199), built (during the reign of Henry II) by Thomas Fitz Gospatrick;
dissolved 1540; granted to Thomas Lord Wharton 1544/5; (EH)
Hepp Abbey

54°31′49″N 2°42′00″W / 54.530233°N 2.699901°W / 54.530233; -2.699901 (Shap Abbey)
Wetheral Priory WetheralPrioryGatehouse.jpg Benedictine monks — from St Mary's, York
dependent on York;
founded 1106 by Ranulph Meschin, Earl of Cumberland;
dissolved 20 October 1538; granted 1541/2
The Priory Church of Saint Constantine, Wetheral

The Priory Church of the Holy Trinity, Saint Mary and Saint Constantine, Wetheral
____________________
Wetherall Priory


54°52′46″N 2°49′48″W / 54.879306°N 2.829993°W / 54.879306; -2.829993 (Wetheral Priory)
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