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Marsilea drummondii facts for kids

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Marsilea drummondii
M. drummondii leaf and fiddlehead
M. drummondii leaf and fiddlehead
Scientific classification
Genus:
Marsilea
Species:
drummondii
MarsileadrummondiiDistributionMap.png
Occurrence data from the Australasian Virtual Herbarium
Synonyms

Marsilea drummondii var. hirsutissima (A.Braun) Domin
Marsilea drummondii var. howittiana (A.Braun) Domin
Marsilea drummondii f. macra (A.Braun) Domin
Marsilea drummondii var. nardu (A.Braun) Domin
Marsilea drummondii var. oxaloides (A.Braun) Domin
Marsilea drummondii var. sericea (A.Braun) Domin
Marsilea elata A.Braun
Marsilea hirsutissima A.Braun
Marsilea howittiana A.Braun
Marsilea macra A.Braun
Marsilea macropus Hook.
Marsilea muelleri A.Braun
Marsilea nardu A.Braun
Marsilea oxaloides A.Braun
Marsilea salvatrix Hanst.
Marsilea sericea A.Braun
Zaluzianskia drummondii (A.Braun) Kuntze
Zaluzianskia macropus (Hook.) Kuntze

Marsilea drummondii is a species of fern known by the common name nardoo. It is native to Australia, where it is widespread and common, particularly in inland regions. It is a rhizomatous perennial aquatic fern that roots in mud substrates and produces herbage that floats on the surface of quiet water bodies. It occurs in water up to one metre deep. It occurs in abundance after floods. It can form mats on the water's surface and cover the ground in carpets as floodwaters recede. It is variable in appearance and occurs in many types of wetland habitat. In general the frond is made up of two pairs of leaflets and is borne erect when not floating.

The plant produces sporocarps which can remain viable for 50 years and only release spores after being thoroughly soaked. The sporocarps are dispersed by birds that eat them but cannot digest them, and by flowing water. The sporocarp is used for food by Australian Aborigines, who collect, roast and grind them to powder which they mix with water to make a dough. The sporocarp can be toxic due to high levels of thiaminase, which destroys thiamine. Consumption of large amounts can cause beriberi. It has been known to poison sheep, as well as humans, including the leaders of the Burke and Wills expedition. Nardoo must be prepared properly using heat before consumption to destroy the thiaminase.

Earliest Australian record

The earliest specimen in an Australian herbarium is MEL 0052999A, which was collected by Alan Cunningham in 1825 in the Brigalow Belt South region out of Gunnedah in the locality of Curlewis.

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