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Mikhail Zharov
Mikhail Zharov 1939.JPG
1939
Born
Mikhail Ivanovich Zharov

(1899-10-27)27 October 1899
Died 15 December 1981(1981-12-15) (aged 82)
Occupation Actor
Years active 1915–1978

Mikhail Ivanovich Zharov (Russian: Михаи́л Ива́нович Жа́ров; 27 October 1899 – 15 December 1981) was a Soviet actor.

He studied under the prominent director Theodore Komisarjevsky and debuted in Yakov Protazanov's Aelita (1924). Later he became a Protazanov regular, appearing in The Man from the Restaurant (1927) together with Mikhail Chekhov.

In the 1930s he was a leading actor of Alexander Tairov's Chamber Theatre, before moving to the Malyi Theatre where he was engaged from 1938 till the rest of his life and most fully unfolded his actor's gift, mainly playing classical repertoire parts (in Wolves and Sheep, The Inspector-General, Heart is not a Stone, The Thunderstorm, etc.)

Mikhail Zharov gained wide popularity thanks to the role of Zhigan in Nikolai Ekk’s internationally known drama Road to Life (1931). Playing the leader of a gang of thieves, the actor made use of the opportunities of the first sound-film: he endowed his character with a specific accent, played the guitar and sang songs with his peculiar charm. In 1933 he appeared in Boris Barnet's Okraina.

The most acclaimed of his sound films were Peter the Great (1938), in which he played Prince Menshikov, and Sergei Eisenstein's Ivan the Terrible (1942–44), in which he played Malyuta Skuratov. His last and probably most popular role was that of Aniskin, an amusing and witty village militiaman in the television series The Village Detective (1968), Aniskin & Fantomas (1974) and Aniskin Again (1978).

Zharov was awarded three Stalin Prizes: twice in 1941 and in 1942.

Partial filmography

  • Tsar Ivan Vasilevich Groznyy (1915) - Soldier
  • Aelita (1924) - Actor in Play
  • His Call (1925)
  • Chess Fever (1925)
  • Miss Mend (1926)
  • Man from the Restaurant (1927) - The Waiter
  • Belyy oryol (1928)
  • Don Diego and Pelagia (1928) - Himself
  • Dva-Buldi-dva (1929)
  • Road to Life (1931) - Tomka Zhigan
  • The House of the Dead (1932) - Officer (uncredited)
  • Dvadtsat shest komissarov (1932) - Menshevik
  • Okraina (1933) - Krayevitch - Menchevik student
  • Marionettes (1934) - Head of Frontier Post
  • The Storm (1934) - Koudryash
  • Three Comrades (1935) - The Engineer
  • Lyubov i nenavist (1935) - Ensign Kukva
  • Po sledam geroya (1936)
  • The Return of Maxim (1937) - Platon Vassilievich Dymba, billiards braggart
  • Pyotr pervyy (1937, part 1) - Alexander Danilovich Menshikov
  • The Bear (1938) - Alexander Danilovich Menshikov
  • The Vyborg Side (1939) - Platon Vassilievich Dymba
  • Man in a Shell (1939) - Mikhail Kovalenko
  • Stepan Razin (1939) - Lazunka - boyar's son
  • Engineer Kochin's Error (1939) - Lartsev
  • Bogdan Khmelnitskiy (1941) - Deacon Gavrilo
  • The Defense of Tsaritsyn (1942, part 1, 2) - Perchikhin
  • The District Secretary (1942) - Gavril Fedorovich Rusov
  • Aktrisa (1943) - Reciter in hospital
  • In the Name of the Fatherland (1943) - Ivan Ivanovich Globa
  • Taxi to Heaven (1943) - Ivan Baranov
  • The Young Fritz (1943, Short) - Fritz
  • Ivan the Terrible (1944, 1958, part 1, 2) - Czar's Guard Malyuta Skuratov
  • The Call of Love (1945) - Vadim Spiridonovich Yeropkin
  • Bespokoynoe khozyaystvo (1946) - Semibab
  • For Those Who Are at Sea (1948) - Kharitonov
  • Michurin (1949) - Khrenov
  • Happy Flight (1949) - Driver Zachyosov
  • Vassa Zheleznova (1953) - Prokhor Khrapov
  • The Anna Cross (1954) - Artynov
  • A Girl with a Guitar (1958) - Sviristinsky
  • Mlechnyy Put (1959) - Mikhail Silovich
  • Kain XVIII (1963) - Minister of War
  • Vnimanie! V gorode volshebnik! (1964) - Cook
  • Older sister (1967) - Ukhov
  • Village Detective (1969) - Aniskin
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