Moulana Mohammad Ali Johar (10 December 1878 – 4 January 1931) was an Indian Muslim leader, activist, scholar, journalist and poet. He was born on 10 December 1878 in Rampur. He belonged to a pathan tribe of Khyber Pakhtoon Khawa. He studied at the famous Muslim institutes, Darul Uloom Deoband and Aligarh Muslim University. He studied modern history from Oxford University in 1898. On his return to India he became the educational director of Rampur state.
He attended the first meeting of the Muslim League in 1906. He was a brilliant writer both in English and Urdu. He started his own newspapers called Hamdard and Comrade in 1911. He worked hard to expand the Mohammadan Anglo Oriental College. He was also a co-founder of Jamia Millia Islamia. He became the president of Muslim League in 1918 and worked with it till 1928.
He travelled to England in 1919 to stop the deposition of the Turkish Sultan, Mustafa Kemal who was the Caliph of Islam. The rejection of British started the Khilafat Movement by the Muslims. In 1921 he actively brought Muslims together against the British rule and was thus put in jail for 2 years.
He became president of Indian National Congress in 1923. He opposed the Nehru Report as he did not want British or Hindu leadership and thus supported the Fourteen points of Quaid-e-Azam. He attended the famous Round Table Conference in 1930 for Muslim League. He fell ill and died soon afterwards in London on 4 January 1931. He was buried at Baitul Muqaddas in Jerusalem upon his will.
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