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Moonlight towers (Austin, Texas) facts for kids

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Moonlight Towers
Austin Moontower at Night.jpg
A moonlight tower at night
Location Austin and vicinity
Nearest city Austin, Texas
Built 1894 (1894)
Architect Fort Wayne Electric Co.
Architectural style Lighting Towers
NRHP reference No. 76002071
Quick facts for kids
Significant dates
Added to NRHP July 12, 1976

The moonlight towers in Austin, Texas, are the only known surviving moonlight towers in the world. They are 165 feet (50 m) tall and have a 15-foot (4.6 m) foundation. A single tower cast light from six carbon arc lamps, illuminating a 1,500-foot-radius (460 m) circle brightly enough to read a watch.

In 1970 the towers were recognized as Texas State Landmarks, followed by the 15 remaining towers being listed in the National Register of Historic Places on July 12, 1976. Only 6 are in their original locations as established by the Board of Public Works and City Council in 1895.

History

In 1894, the City of Austin purchased 31 used towers from Detroit. They were manufactured in Indiana by Fort Wayne Electric Company and assembled onsite. Some have claimed that Austin put up moonlight towers partially in response to the actions of the Servant Girl Annihilator, also known as the Midnight Assassin, but in fact the towers were not erected until 1894 and 1895, ten years after the murders took place.

When first erected, the towers were connected to electric generators at the Austin Dam, completed in 1893 on the site of present-day Tom Miller Dam. In the 1920s their original carbon-arc lamps, which were exceedingly bright but time-consuming to maintain, were replaced by incandescent lamps, which gave way in turn to mercury vapor lamps in the 1930s. The mercury vapor lamps were controlled by a switch at each tower's base. During World War II, a central switch was installed, allowing citywide blackouts in case of air raids.

In 1993 the city of Austin dismantled the towers and restored every bolt, turnbuckle and guy-wire as part of a $1.3 million project, the completion of which was celebrated in 1995 with a citywide festival. The City of Austin has ordinances in place to protect the towers from demolition. However, since 2004 the towers at 4th and Nueces, at 1st and Trinity, and at West 22nd St. and Nueces have all been removed to clear the way for new construction. It is unclear whether they will be dismantled or erected elsewhere.

Tower locations

Surviving towers

Moonlight tower
The moonlight tower in Zilker Park

There are 13 surviving towers kept in original condition except for a historic plaque on each tower.

  • Monroe St. and S. 1st S (SW corner)
  • West 9th and Guadalupe St (SE corner)
  • W. 12th St. and Blanco St (SE corner)
  • W. 12th St. and Rio Grande St (NW corner)
  • W. 15th St. and San Antonio St (SW corner)
  • W. 41st St. and Speedway St (SW corner)
  • Zilker Park (used for Zilker Park Christmas Tree) (moved from Emma Long Metropolitan Park)
  • Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd. and Chicon St (SE corner)
  • E. 13th St. and Coleto St (NE corner)
  • Pennsylvania Ave. and Leona St (NE corner)
  • E. 11th St. and Trinity St (SE corner)
  • E. 11th St. and Lydia St (SE corner)
  • Canterbury St. and Lynn St. (NE corner)

Dismantled towers

  • Leland St. and Eastside Dr (NE corner, temporarily removed 9/8/19, returning soon refurbished)
  • East 1st St. and Waller St.
  • East 6th St. and Medina St.
  • E. 14th St. and Sabine St
  • E. 14th St. and Sabine St (SW corner)
  • Hawthorne (which later became either E. 20th or E. 21st) and Longfellow.
  • Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd. (was 19th St.) and Lavaca St.
  • E. 16th St. and Brazos St.
  • E. 2nd St. and Neches St. (Convention Center)
  • W. 6th St. and Westlynn St
  • Dean Keeton St. (was 26th St.) and Whitis Ave.
  • E. 5th St. and Brazos St. (moved to Leland St. and East Side Dr.)
  • 29th St. and Lamar Blvd.
  • W. 6th St. and Lamar Blvd.
  • City Park renamed to Emma Long Metropolitan Park (moved to Zilker Park)
  • North end of Granite Dam (near power station and Ben Hur dock)
  • East Cesar Chavez Street and Trinity St. (SW corner)
  • West 4th and Nueces (SW corner)
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