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Murchison Building
Murchison Building Front Left.jpg
General information
Type Mixed use
Location 201 N. Front Street
Wilmington, North Carolina
Coordinates 34°14′16″N 77°56′57″W / 34.237681°N 77.949068°W / 34.237681; -77.949068Coordinates: 34°14′16″N 77°56′57″W / 34.237681°N 77.949068°W / 34.237681; -77.949068
Completed 1914
Height
Roof 137.76 ft (41.99 m)
Technical details
Floor count 11
Floor area 62,230 sq ft (5,781 m2)
Lifts/elevators 2, made by Otis Elevator Company, one manually operated
Design and construction
Architect Kenneth M. Murchison
Developer Murchison National Bank
Main contractor J. Henry Miller, Inc

The Murchison Building is an eleven-story brick and marble building in Wilmington, North Carolina, USA. It occupies the corner of Front and Chestnut Street. Sitting on historic waterfront property, the building overlooks the Cotton Exchange and Cape Fear Community College to the north, USS North Carolina Battleship Memorial and Cape Fear to the west, Riverfront Park and Chandlers Wharf to the south and Wilmington Downtown including its Courthouse to the east.

History

The Murchison Building, at the corner of Front and Chestnut, has been a staple of the waterfront skyline for nearly a century. "The Murch" was built for and by the Murchison National Bank, and until 1972 was called "Murchison National Bank Building." Another building, the original 4-story Murchison National Bank built in 1902, is directly across the street.

In its infancy, the Murchison was considered top of the line. It was heated by two boilers, sending steam heat to radiators throughout the building. It had an onsite artesian well, supplying its own water. Female employees and patrons had a women's restroom on the fourth floor. The second and third floors were provided with gas and electric appliances so that those occupants (mostly doctors and dentists) would have the most modern surgical equipment available.

A claim to fame of the 1914 Murchison Building was that it had human elevator operators. One operator "survived" the 1983 renovations intact, and remains as the lift's operator. She is the building's longest tenant, with 16 years tenure (2010). Another quaint feature was a woman's bathroom on the fourth floor, touted as a selling point for the building.

In 1921 a hospital was built next door.

Construction

MurchisonBuilding2
The building

Construction began on the site in August 1913. The previous structure was owned by the 'Cape Fear Club for Men' according to a bronze plaque fixed to the building's front.

It was built in 1914 as The Murchison National Bank, WILMINGTON, N. C. The waterproofing was by Impervious Products Co. The terra cotta was by South Amboy Terra Cotta Co. The cement floors and walks were by Harrison & Meyer. The Kentucky Blue Stone was supplied by the Rowan County Freestone Co.

It was designed by Wilmington native Kenneth M. Murchison of New York.

Architecture

MurchisonBuilding historicalplaque
A plaque on the building

The Murchison still juts into the sky above the downtown skyline nearly a century since its inception. It is second only to the PPD building in heights of buildings in Wilmington. A plaque on the front of the building denotes that the building's architecture is of the Classical Revival style. A number of US skyscrapers built in the 1910s and 1920s have startlingly similar looks to the Murchison.

Features of neoclassical revival architecture

Neoclassical (or neoclassical revival) buildings have traits such as classical symmetry, full-height porch with columns and temple-like fronts. Ornamentation that iconifies this style are classics, such as dentil cornices. See.

Historic waterfront neighborhood

USS North Carolina-27527
The USS North Carolina Battleship Memorial, seen from downtown Wilmington, looking across the mouth of the Cape Fear.

The Murchison is near the northern terminus of Wilmington's Riverwalk, a historic waterfront pedestrian stroll among buildings and businesses that front the Cape Fear River. This inland port thrived from the cotton trade during the late 19th century and early 20th century and is now home to restaurants, theaters, nightclubs and weekly free concerts during the summer months.

Riverfront district

Wilmington's downtown riverfront district contains restaurants, cafes, historic buildings, art galleries, antique shops, pubs, nightclubs, music clubs. It has several pedestrian-friendly environments. Wilmington's Nationally Preserved Historic District is anchored by nautical, civic, wartime, and other landmarks.

World War II battleship

The Murchison (Building Location in Maps 34°14′16″N 77°56′57″W / 34.237681°N 77.949068°W / 34.237681; -77.949068) enjoys a commanding view of Battleship Park and the floating museum USS North Carolina (Ship Memorial Location in Maps 34°14′11″N 77°57′12″W / 34.236344°N 77.953405°W / 34.236344; -77.953405) located across the Cape Fear River. The ship is viewable in aerial photography of the area, e.g. Google Earth and can serve as a landmark when pinpointing the building from them.

The USS-North Carolina was towed/placed in her permanent berth on October 2, 1961 and is a National Historic Landmark.

Occupancy

Early business occupancy would have characterized the Murchison Building as prestigious: banks, dentists, doctors, and the city's newspaper have called this building home. Business occupants now include Atlantic Shopper, the headquarters for state and national-level politicians, a legal-aid agency, a radio station, web and logo design services, engineers and architects. Brian Ballard, owner of Pour Taproom, will be leasing the space and be opening the self serve taproom in early April

Significant commercial occupants (past)

Significant commercial occupants (present)

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