National Register of Historic Places listings in Knox County, Tennessee facts for kids(Redirected from National Register of Historic Places, Knox County, Tennessee)
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Knox County, Tennessee.
This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Knox County, Tennessee, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register properties and districts; these locations may be seen together in a map.
There are 113 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county, including 1 National Historic Landmark. Another 5 properties were once listed but have been removed.
|Anderson – Bedford – Benton – Bledsoe – Blount – Bradley – Campbell – Cannon – Carroll – Carter – Cheatham – Chester – Claiborne – Clay – Cocke – Coffee – Crockett – Cumberland – Davidson – Decatur – DeKalb – Dickson – Dyer – Fayette – Fentress – Franklin – Gibson – Giles – Grainger – Greene – Grundy – Hamblen – Hamilton – Hancock – Hardeman – Hardin – Hawkins – Haywood – Henderson – Henry – Hickman – Houston – Humphreys – Jackson – Jefferson – Johnson – Knox – Lake – Lauderdale – Lawrence – Lewis – Lincoln – Loudon – Macon – Madison – Marion – Marshall – Maury – McMinn – McNairy – Meigs – Monroe – Montgomery – Moore – Morgan – Obion – Overton – Perry – Pickett – Polk – Putnam – Rhea – Roane – Robertson – Rutherford – Scott – Sequatchie – Sevier – Shelby – Smith – Stewart – Sullivan – Sumner – Tipton – Trousdale – Unicoi – Union – Van Buren – Warren – Washington – Wayne – Weakley – White – Williamson – Wilson|
The earliest settlers in what is now Knox County were Native Americans - the Indian mound is the primary "built structure" that remains from their era. Beginning with explorer Hernando de Soto, who traveled near the county, the earliest Europeans were not settlers but explorers and hunters who left no permanent structures. However, when North Carolina made land available in the Land Grab Act of 1783, early settlers began surveying the region. These men included General James White, who soon owned the land that became downtown Knoxville, as well as Frances Alexander Ramsey and Alexander McMillan.
James White settled in rural east Knox County on the French Broad River in 1785, but constructed a cabin in what is now downtown Knoxville in 1786. General White later requested that his son-in-law, Charles McClung, survey the land around his cabin and lay out sixteen blocks with four lots on each block. After setting aside lots for his residence, a cemetery, college and other functions he deemed necessary, the balance of the lots were sold by lottery on October 3, 1791. In 1792, the community began to take shape: 1) Knox County, Tennessee, was split off from Hawkins County, Tennessee; 2) settlers were constructing buildings on lots they received in the lottery; 3) Samuel and Nathan Cowan opened the first store; and 4) the first tavern was opened by John Chisholm. In 1793, a garrison of soldiers was assigned to protect the settlers.
Other than setting aside land for Blount College (now the University of Tennessee), the earliest structures were built to accommodate basic frontier needs. These included the fort, residences, churches, taverns (which also served as inns) and a cemetery.
In terms of growth, development of the county was due both to expansion of the early settlement (a) and the development of roads (b), which linked James White's Fort to other parts of the state: (a) The original 16 square blocks was expanded to accommodate growth in the population. Moses White, James White's son, laid out East Knoxville, which was originally a separate city and called Mechanicsburg. Colonel John Williams laid out the west end of the town, which was briefly known as Williamsburg; and (b) Roads were constructed to allow access both to surrounding settlements in rural areas of Knox County, and to allow pioneers to travel from the east coast further west. Settlers typically traveled down from southwest Virginia through Rogersville, Tennessee on the Knoxville Road before arriving at Knoxville. By 1795, what is now Kingston Pike went from James White's Fort to the western end of the county. Beyond the western end of the county, this route became known as the Nashville Road. By 1807, the Knoxville Gazette reported that 200 settlers a day were passing through the city on their way further west. Further north in Knox County, Adair's Fort, built by John Adair in Fountain City, protected settlers traveling westward on the Emory Road. And by 1792, Alexander Cunningham was operating the first ferry over the Tennessee River south of Knoxville.
Despite ceasing to be Tennessee's state capital c. 1816, Knoxville continued to grow slowly through the ante-bellum period. And due to the mountainous terrain, slavery never took root as deeply in East Tennessee as it did in Middle Tennessee and West Tennessee. The valleys of East Tennessee, such as the area west of Knoxville accessed by Kingston Pike, did have plantations, a few of whose houses still remain. And the Tennessee River was not as navigable at Knoxville as it was further downstream, so, other than the roads, the city remained comparatively isolated until the railroads began operating. Then, due to Knoxville's central location in the southeast and the railroads that traversed it, the city experienced explosive growth. Initially, the East Tennessee & Virginia Railroad (which soon became the East Tennessee, Virginia and Georgia Railroad, and later became part of Southern Railway) began operations in the city. The Louisville and Nashville Railroad soon followed, giving Knoxville access to two prominent transportation companies and two rail stations of architectural significance. The 1880s were the greatest growth period in the city's history, although there was substantial growth after World War II.
Structures now listed on the National Register of Historic Places largely reflect this expansion. There were isolated pockets of settlement, such as the Ramsey House and Marble Springs, in what remains the rural part of the county. As Kingston Pike developed, Crescent Bend and other estates were constructed in what soon became affluent western Knox County. Kingston Pike also linked Bearden, Ebenezer's Mill, and later linked Farragut, Concord and Kingston to Knoxville. There was a flurry of commercial and residential development in the late 19th Century. As streetcars began operation, suburban expansion moved both north and south. Automobiles allowed further urban sprawl to develop.
As the county has expanded, many historic structures have been lost to development. Examples include: 18th Century Chisholm Tavern, which was not demolished until the 20th century as part of the construction of James White Parkway; the Mabry Hood House on Kingston Pike, which was demolished to allow construction of Pellissippi Parkway; and the Baker Peters House on Kingston Pike, which has survived, but has been stripped of its context due to surrounding commercial development, including a carwash in its front yard. By 1900, all that remained of James White's Fort was the fort's main house, which itself was dismantled and moved to a farm outside the city in 1906. In the 1960s, preservation groups moved the house to its present location on Hill Avenue, and reconstructed its historic palisades and outbuildings. Because it has been moved from its original location, the fort is not eligible for listing on the National Register.
|Name on the Register||Image||Date listed||Location||City or town||Description|
|1||Adair Gardens Historic District||
|Roughly bounded by Adair, Rose, and Coile Drs.
||Knoxville||Consists of several houses built in the 1920s and 1930s in the Fountain City community|
|2||Airplane Service Station||
|6829 Clinton Highway
||Knoxville||Filling station built in 1930 in the shape of an airplane; located just outside Knoxville in the Powell community|
|3||Asbury Methodist Episcopal Church, South||
|2820 Asbury Rd.
||Knoxville||Now Asbury United Methodist Church|
|4||Alexander Bishop House||
|7924 Bishop Rd.
||Knoxville||Believed to have been built in the early 1790s|
|1403 Circle Dr., University of Tennessee
|6||Bethel Confederate Cemetery and Winstead Cottage||
|1917 Bethel Ave.
|3148 Kingston Pike
||Knoxville||Also known as "Confederate Memorial Hall"; currently a museum|
|8||William Blount Mansion||
|200 W. Hill Ave.
||Knoxville||Located west of Knoxville near Concord|
|10||Alfred Buffat Homestead||
|1 mile (1.6 km) north of Knoxville on Love Creek Road
||Knoxville||Late-1860s homestead in northeast Knoxville|
|11||Burwell Building Tennessee Theater||
|600 S. Gay St.
||Knoxville||Built 1907, theater designed in the Spanish-Moorish style by Graven & Mayger|
|1306 Broadway, NE.
||Knoxville||Commonly called "Greystone"; completed in 1890 for coal tycoon Eldad Cicero Camp, designed by Alfred B. Mullett; now houses offices for local station WATE-TV|
|13||Candoro Marble Works||
|681 Maryville Pike
||Knoxville||Marble finishing complex built in 1914; includes showroom and garage designed by architect Charles I. Barber; initially added in 1996, showroom and garage relisted for architectural significance in 2005|
|14||Central United Methodist Church||
|201 E. 3rd Ave.
||Knoxville||Gothic Revival church designed by Baumann & Baumann|
|North of Mascot off Old Rutledge Pike
||Mascot||Georgian-style house built in 1838|
|16||Christenberry Club Room||
|Southwestern corner of the junction of Henegar and Shamrock Aves.
||Knoxville||Designed by Knoxville architectural firm Barber & McMurry|
|17||Church Street Methodist Church||
|913 Henley St.
||Knoxville||Designed by Barber & McMurry and John Russell Pope|
|18||Concord Village Historic District||
|Roughly bounded by Lakeridge and 3rd Drs., Spring St., and the Masonic Hall and Cemetery
|19||Contractor's Supply, Inc.||
|1909 Schofield St.
||Knoxville||Moderne-style structure built by contractor and developer Howard Rodgers in 1947; designed by Shelton & Stachel|
|20||Cowan, McClung and Company Building||
|500-504 Gay St.
||Knoxville||Now called the "Fidelity Building"; built in 1871, remodeled in 1929 by Baumann & Baumann|
|1000 State St.
|2701 Woodson Dr.
||Knoxville||Moderne-style house built using the frame of a Quonset hut; designed by James Fitzgibbon|
|501-517 Union Ave.
|24||H.L. Dulin House||
|3100 Kingston Pike
||Knoxville||Also called "Crescent Bluff"; current address is 3106 Kingston Pike|
|409 Ebenezer Rd.
||Knoxville||Turbine-powered gristmill in West Knoxville|
|26||Emory Place Historic District||
|Roughly bounded by Broadway, N. Central, Emory, 5th, E. 4th, and King Sts.
||Knoxville||Includes Knoxville High School, First Christian Church, a fire station, and several commercial and residential structures|
|27||Fire Station No. 5||
|419 Arthur St., NW.
||Knoxville||Early-20th century Knoxville Fire Department station built to serve the Mechanicsville neighborhood|
|28||First Baptist Church||
|510 Main Ave.
||Knoxville||Designed by Dougherty & Gardner|
|29||First Presbyterian Church Cemetery||
|Adjacent to 620 State St.
||Knoxville||Knoxville's oldest cemetery|
|30||Forest Hills Boulevard Historic District||
|500-709 Forest Hills Blvd.
||Knoxville||Consists of 20 houses built in the late 1920s and 1930s|
|31||Fort Sanders Historic District||
|Roughly bounded by White and Grand Aves. and 11th and 19th Sts.
||Knoxville||Consists of several hundred houses and other buildings constructed c. 1880-1920 in the vicinity of the Civil War-era Fort Sanders|
|32||Fourth and Gill Historic District||
|Roughly bounded by Interstate 40, Broadway, Central and 5th Ave.
||Knoxville||Includes three churches and several dozen houses built c. 1880-1930|
|33||Gay Street Commercial Historic District||
|Roughly along Gay St. from Summit Hill Dr. to Church Ave.
||Knoxville||Consists of nearly three dozen buildings constructed c. 1880-1940, during Knoxville's commercial boom period|
|625 Market St.
||Knoxville||Designed by Barber & McMurry; now home to First Bank|
|35||Gibbs Drive Historic District||
||Knoxville||Consists of several early-20th-century houses built along Gibbs Drive in Knoxville's Fountain City community|
|36||Nicholas Gibbs House||
|7633 E Emory Rd.
||Corryton||Log house built in 1793 by pioneer Nicholas Gibbs|
|37||Giffin Grammar School||
|1834 Beech St.
|38||Happy Holler Historic District||
|1200-1209, 1211 N, Central St., 103,105 E. Anderson & 109, 115 W. Anderson Aves.
||Knoxville||Part of the Knoxville and Knox County MPS|
|5617 Lyons View Pike
|40||Holston National Bank||
|531 S. Gay St.
||Knoxville||Designed by John Kevan Peebles. Currently a condominium high-rise known simply as "The Holston".|
|1820 Melrose Ave.
||Knoxville||Designed by local architect John Fanz Staub; includes a cupboard designed by Thomas Hope (whose great-great-grandson built the house), a hearthstone from the James Park House, and woodwork made from timbers salvaged from the Admiral David Farragut birthplace; used as a guesthouse by U.T.|
|42||Hotpoint Living-Conditioned Home||
|509 W. Hills Rd.
||Knoxville||Demonstration "starter home" built in 1954 in West Hills subdivision; designed by Bruce McCarty|
|43||Island Home Park Historic District||
|Bounded by Island Home Boulevard, Fisher and Spence Places, and Maplewood
||Knoxville||Includes 119 contributing houses built c. 1899-1940 in the Island Home Park community of South Knoxville|
|44||Jackson Avenue Warehouse District||
|Jackson Ave.; also 120-124 Jackson Ave.
||Knoxville||120-124 Jackson represents a boundary increase of March 10, 1975|
|45||Andrew Johnson Hotel||
|912 S. Gay St.
||Knoxville||Now houses offices for Knox County Schools and other county departments; designed by Baumann & Baumann|
|46||Leroy Keener House||
|3506 Woodlawn School Rd.
||Knoxville||Greek Revival-style house in southeast Knox County|
|47||Kingston Pike Historic District||
|Roughly 2728-3151, 3201, 3219, 3401, 3425, and 3643 Kingston Pike
||Knoxville||Includes Crescent Bend, the H.L. Dulin House, Judge Taylor House, and several others|
|6411 Kingston Pike
||Knoxville||Currently home to Schaad Companies; address sometimes listed as 150 Major Reynolds Place|
|49||Knox County Courthouse||
|Main Ave. and Gay St.
||Knoxville||Built by Stephenson and Getaz|
|50||Knoxville Business College||
|209 W. Church St.
||Knoxville||Commonly called the "Keyhole Building"; now houses condominiums|
|51||Knoxville College Historic District||
|901 College St., NW.
|52||Knoxville Iron Foundry Complex-Nail Factory and Warehouse||
|715 Western Ave., NW.
||Knoxville||Built by the Knoxville Iron Company in 1875 as a nail factory; now an event center known as "The Foundry"|
|53||Knoxville National Cemetery||
|939 Tyson St., NW.
|54||Knoxville Post Office||
|501 Main St.
||Knoxville||Designed by Baumann & Baumann|
|55||Knoxville YMCA Building||
|605 Clinch Ave.
||Knoxville||Designed by Barber & McMurry|
|56||Lamar House Hotel||
|803 Gay St., SW.
||Knoxville||Lamar House Hotel built in 1816, Bijou Theater (its current function) added in 1909|
|57||Lebanon in the Forks Cemetery||
|Asbury Rd. north of Norfolk Southern Railroad
||Knoxville||Contains Knox County's oldest marked burial.|
|58||Lincoln Park United Methodist Church||
|3120 Pershing St.
|59||Lindbergh Forest Historic District||
|Along Chamberlain, Druid, Glenhurst, Southwood, Winslow, and Woodlawn
||Knoxville||Early automobile suburb, developed in the late-1920s and 1930s|
|60||Louisville and Nashville Freight Depot||
|700 Western Ave., NW.
|61||Louisville and Nashville Passenger Station||
|700 Western Ave., NW.
||Knoxville||Built 1904-1905, currently home to the Knox County STEM Academy; designed by Richard Monfort|
|62||Joseph Alexander Mabry, Jr. House||
|1711 Dandridge Ave.
||Knoxville||Built in 1858. Commonly called the Mabry-Hazen House; now a museum|
|1, 3, 5 Market St.
||Knoxville||Also called the Kern Building, Odd Fellows Hall, or Hotel St. Oliver; designed by Joseph Baumann, and built in 1875 for confectioner Peter Kern|
|South of Knoxville on Neubert Springs Rd.
|65||Market Square Commercial Historic District||
|Market Sq. Mall
||Knoxville||Contains 20 contributing buildings constructed c. 1870-1925|
|8671 Northshore Dr.
|67||Samuel McCammon House||
|1715 Riverside Dr.
||Knoxville||Currently houses offices of Engert Plumbing & Heating, Inc.|
|68||Alexander McMillan House||
|7703 Strawberry Plains Pike
||Knoxville||Constructed c. 1785 by early Knox County pioneer Alexander McMillan (1749-1837)|
|69||Mead Marble Quarry||
|2915 Island Home Ave.
||Knoxville||Tennessee marble quarry and lime plant complex|
|70||Mechanics' Bank and Trust Company Building||
|612 S. Gay St.
|71||Mechanicsville Historic District||
|Off State Route 62
||Knoxville||Consists of several dozen houses and other buildings constructed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries|
|72||Medical Arts Building||
|603 Main St.
||Knoxville||Built 1929-1930 as an office building for physicians; designed by Manley and Young|
|4001 Middlebrook Pike
||Knoxville||1845-era frame house|
|447 N. Broadway
||Knoxville||Built as a rowhouse complex in 1913; converted into Fifth Avenue Motel in the early 1960s; rehabilitated as housing for the homeless, 2002-2010; designed by Baumann Brothers|
|2721 Asbury Rd.
||Knoxville||Also called the Weigel-Shell House|
|76||Benjamin Morton House||
|4084 Kingston Pike
||Knoxville||Built in 1927 for Knoxville mayor Benjamin Morton, designed by Baumann & Baumann|
|77||Murphy Springs Farm||
|4508 Murphy Rd.
|78||New Salem United Methodist Church||
|2417 Tipton Station Rd.
||Knoxville||Gothic Revival-style church located off Gov. John Sevier Highway in South Knox County|
|79||Capt. James Newman House||
|8906 Newman Ln.
|80||North Hills Historic District||
|Roughly bounded by North Hills, North Park, and Fountain Park Boulevards
||Knoxville||Consists of several dozen houses built in the late 1920s and 1930s|
|81||Old Gray Cemetery||
|543 N. Broadway
|82||Old Knoxville City Hall||
|Summit Hill Dr.
||Knoxville||Originally the Deaf and Dumb Asylum, used as city hall 1923-1980; now an extension of Lincoln Memorial University; built and possibly designed by Jacob Newman|
|83||Old North Knoxville Historic District||
|Roughly bounded by E. Woodland, Bluff, Armstrong, E. Baxter, and Central Aves.
||Knoxville||Consists of 496 houses and outbuildings constructed c. 1888-1940|
|84||Old Post Office Building||
|Clinch and Market Sts.
||Knoxville||Usually called the "Old Customs House"; designed by Alfred B. Mullett; currently houses part of the East Tennessee History Center|
|85||Ossoli Circle Clubhouse||
|2511 W. Cumberland Ave.
||Knoxville||Designed by Barber & McMurry|
|86||Park City Historic District||
|Roughly bounded by Washington Ave., Cherry St., Woodbine Ave., Beaman St., Magnolia Ave., and Winona St.
||Knoxville||Consists of several hundred houses built in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in what is now the Parkridge community and its vicinity|
|87||Park City Junior High School||
|523 Bertrand St.
||Knoxville||Designed by Albert Baumann, Jr., and William B. Ittner; renovated as a condominium by Kristopher Kendrick|
|88||James Park House||
|422 W. Cumberland Ave.
||Knoxville||Rests on foundation built in 1790s by John Sevier, house constructed in 1812 by James Park; now corporate headquarters for Gulf and Ohio Railways|
|1319 Grainger Ave.
||Knoxville||Built in the 1850s, remodeled in the 1890s by George Franklin Barber|
|90||Ivan Racheff House||
|1943 Tennessee Ave.
||Knoxville||Home and gardens of Knoxville Iron Company president Ivan Racheff; now a museum|
|Southeast of Knoxville on Thorngrove Pike
||Knoxville||Now a museum; built by early Knoxville architect Thomas Hope|
|92||Riverdale Historic District||
|6145 and 6603 Thorngrove Pike and 6802 Hodges Ferry Rd.
||Knoxville||Contains several 19th-century houses related to the Riverdale community|
|Wayland Rd. and Thorngrove Pike
||Knoxville||19th-century gristmill; overshot wheel still intact|
|7009 Thorngrove Pike
||Knoxville||Built in 1938; designed by Barber & McMurry|
|95||Ross Marble Quarry||
|2915 Island Home Ave.
||Knoxville||Tennessee marble quarry|
|96||Avery Russell House||
|11409 Kingston Pike
||Farragut||Also known as the Martin-Russell House after its initial owner, Samuel Martin|
|97||St. John's Lutheran Church||
|544 Broadway, NW.
||Knoxville||Designed by R. F. Graf|
|98||Savage House and Garden||
|3237 Garden Dr.
||Knoxville||Japanese-style garden established c. 1915 in Knoxville's Fountain City community|
|99||Seven Islands Methodist Church||
|8100 Seven Islands Rd.
||Knoxville||Located in southeast Knox County near the Sevier County line; congregation founded in 1802, church built in the 1850s|
|100||South Market Historic District||
|707, 709, and 713 Market St. and 404 and 406 Church Ave.
||Knoxville||Includes the Cherokee Building (404 Church), the Ely (406 Church), the Cunningham (707 Market), the Stuart (709 Market), and the Cate (713 Market), all constructed c. 1895-1907|
|101||Southern Terminal and Warehouse Historic District||
|Roughly bounded by Depot Ave., N. Central Ave., Sullivan St., S. Central Ave., Vine Ave., and N. and S. Gay St.; also 100 N. Broadway and 525 W. Jackson Ave.
||Knoxville||Part of this district overlaps with the Jackson Avenue Warehouse Historic District. Second set of addresses represents a boundary increase of March 10, 2004|
|600 S Peters Rd, about 10 miles (16 km) southwest of Knoxville off U.S. Route 70
||Knoxville||Built by early Knoxville architect Thomas Hope for surveyor Charles McClung|
|809 Dry Gap Pike
||Knoxville||Built in 1910 by furniture magnate James G. Sterchi, designed by R.F. Graf; now an event center|
|near the intersection of Cherokee Blvd and Talahi Dr
||Knoxville||Late-1920s suburban development in the Sequoyah Hills neighborhood|
|105||Tennessee School for the Deaf Historic District||
|2725 Island Home Boulevard
|106||Trinity Methodist Episcopal Church||
|416 Lovenia Ave.
||Knoxville||Now called the "Knoxville House of Faith"; home to a Pentecostal congregation|
|107||Gen. Lawrence D. Tyson House||
|1609 Melrose Ave., University of Tennessee
||Knoxville||Home of General Lawrence Tyson; built in 1890s, remodeled in 1907 by George Franklin Barber; now known as the Tyson Alumni House|
|108||Tyson Junior High School||
|2607 Kingston Pike
||Knoxville||Designed by Baumann & Baumann; now an office building|
|109||U.T. Agriculture Farm Mound||
|Junction of Chapman and Joe Johnson Drives on the University of Tennessee campus
||Knoxville||Late Woodland period mound built c. AD 1000.|
|110||Westmoreland Water Wheel and Gatepost||
|Jct. of Sherwood Dr. & Westland Ave.
||Knoxville||Part of the Knoxville and Knox County MPS; built in 1923 and designed by Charles I. Barber.|
|3425 Kingston Pike
||Knoxville||Also known as the Adelia Armstrong Lutz House; designed by Baumann Brothers|
|112||Gen. John T. Wilder House||
|2027 Riverside Dr.
||Knoxville||Built in 1904 by General John T. Wilder|
|113||Col. John Williams House||
|2325 Dandridge Ave.
||Knoxville||Home of senator and diplomat John Williams|
|Name on the Register||Image||Date listed||Date removed||Location||City or town||Summary|
||803 N. Fourth St.
||Knoxville||Damaged by fire; demolished; former home of Governor Robert Love Taylor|
|2||Commerce Avenue Fire Hall||
||201-205 Commerce Ave.
||Knoxville||HABS TN-211 ; demolished|
|3||Lebanon-in-the-Fork Presbyterian Church||
||Knoxville||The church was the first Presbyterian church in Knox County, established in 1791 by Rev. Samuel Carrick. Its building was destroyed in a 1981 fire; the associated cemetery is still listed.|
|4||Thomas J. Walker House||
||645 Mars Hill Road
||Knoxville||Burned down in 2003|
|5||Isaac Ziegler House||
||712 N. Fourth Ave.
National Register of Historic Places listings in Knox County, Tennessee Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.