New South Wales Legislative Assembly facts for kids

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New South Wales Legislative Assembly
55th Parliament
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Founded 1856
Type Lower house of Parliament of New South Wales
Leadership
Speaker Hon. Shelley Hancock MP, Liberal
since 3 May 2011
Structure
Members 93
Political groups Government (52)
     Liberal (36)
     National (16)

Opposition (34)
     Labor (34)

Crossbench (7)
      Greens (3)
      Independent (3)
      Shooters (1)
Elections
Last election 29 March 2015
Meeting place
Legislative Assembly Chamber
Parliament House, Sydney,
New South Wales, Australia
Website
NSW Legislative Assembly

The New South Wales Legislative Assembly is the lower of the two houses of the Parliament of New South Wales, an Australian state. The upper house is the New South Wales Legislative Council. Both the Assembly and Council sit at Parliament House in the state capital, Sydney. The Assembly is presided over by the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly.

The Assembly has 93 members, elected by single-member constituency, which are commonly known as seats. Voting is by the optional preferential system.

NSW First Legislative Assembly
NSW first Legislative Assembly – 1880

Members of the Legislative Assembly have the initialism MP after their names. From the creation of the assembly up to about 1990, the initialism "MLA" ( Member of the Legislative Assembly ) was used.

The Assembly is often called the bearpit on the basis of the house's reputation for confrontational style during heated moments and the "savage political theatre and the bloodlust of its professional players" attributed in part to executive dominance.

History

The Legislative Assembly was created in 1856 with the introduction of a bicameral parliament for the Crown Colony of New South Wales. In the beginning, only men were eligible to be members of the Assembly, and only around one half of men were able to pass the property or income qualifications required to vote. Two years later, the Electoral Reform Act, which was passed despite the opposition of the Legislative Council, saw the introduction of a far more democratic system, allowing any man who had been resident in the colony for six months the right to vote, and removing property requirements to stand as a candidate. Following Australia's federation in 1901, the New South Wales parliament became a State legislature. Women were granted the right to vote in 1902, and gained the right to be members of the Assembly in 1918, with the first successful candidate being elected in 1925.

Function

Most legislation is initiated in the Legislative Assembly. The party or coalition with a majority of seats in the lower house is invited by the Governor to form government. The leader of that party subsequently becomes Premier of New South Wales, and their senior colleagues become ministers responsible for various portfolios. As Australian political parties traditionally vote along party lines, most legislation introduced by the governing party will pass through the Legislative Assembly.

As with the federal parliament and other Australian states and territories, voting in the Assembly is compulsory for all those over the age of 18. Elections are held every four years on the fourth Saturday in March, exceptional circumstances notwithstanding, as the result of a 1995 referendum to amend the New South Wales Constitution.

Current distribution of seats

Party Seats held Current Assembly
Liberal Party of Australia 36                                                                        
Australian Labor Party 34                                                                    
National Party of Australia 17                                
Greens New South Wales 3      
Independent 3      
Shooters, Fishers and Farmers 1  
  • 47 votes as a majority are required to pass legislation.

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