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Nothofagus solandri var. cliffortioides facts for kids

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Nothofagus solandri var. cliffortioides
Mountain Beech.jpg
Mountain beech trees
Scientific classification
F. cliffortioides
Binomial name
Fuscospora cliffortioides
(Hook.f.) Heenan & Smissen
  • Fagus cliffortioides Hook.f.
  • Nothofagus cliffortioides (Hook.f.) Oerst.
  • Nothofagus solandri var. cliffortioides (Hook.f.) Poole

Nothofagus solandri var. cliffortioides, commonly called mountain beech (Māori: tawhai rauriki), is a species of Southern beech tree and is endemic to New Zealand. Mountain beech grows in mountainous regions at high altitudes. In New Zealand the taxon is called Fuscospora cliffortioides. Nothofagus solandri var. cliffortioides occupies a wider range of habitat than any other New Zealand tree species and it shows a corresponding range of life form, seeding habits, regenerative patterns, growth habits, growth rates, stand replacement and mortality patterns.

Mountain Beech grows to around 20 metres (66 ft) but near the treeline forms a "goblin forest" where the trees are no more than 2 m (6 ft 7 in) tall. It also has leaves that are elongated and have a pointed end.


  • Mountain Beech is known to hybridise with black beech (Nothofagus solandri var. solandri) where the two species co-exist,and in some places the hybrids may form complex introgressive hybrid swarms.
  • Mountain Beech also hybridises with red beech (Nothofagus fusca) to form the hybrid species Nothofagus ×blairii.
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