In many branches of science, including mathematics, **mathematical optimization** is a branch that is about finding the element that gives an optimal solution to a problem, given some criteria. In the simplest case, this means that a function needs to be minimized or maximized.

Many problems are more complex, though, and solving them analytically is not feasible: in these cases, numerical methods are often used.

All content from Kiddle encyclopedia articles (including the article images and facts) can be freely used under Attribution-ShareAlike license, unless stated otherwise. Cite this article:

Mathematical optimization Facts for Kids. *Kiddle Encyclopedia.*