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Parathyroid glands facts for kids

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Parathyroid glands location

Parathyroid glands are small endocrine glands in the neck of humans and all tetrapods.

Function

These glands produce parathyroid hormones (PTH). This has an important role in controlling the amount of calcium in blood and bones. Calcium is an important element in our body: it is the only element with its own control system (the parathyroid glands).

Structure

There are two pairs of parathyroid glands, just behind the thyroid glands. Each gland is about 6 mm long and 3–4 mm wide. Parathyroid glands get their blood supply from the inferior thyroid arteries.

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