Relative key facts for kids
When a piece of music is in a major key, the relative minor means the minor key which has the same key signature. It can be found by taking the sixth note of the first scale and playing a minor scale starting on that note. For example: in C major the sixth note is an A. Therefore, A minor is the relative minor of C major (C major and A minor share the same key signature: no sharps or flats). C major is called the relative major of A minor.
A complete list of relative minor/major pairs in order of the circle of fifths is:
|Key signature||Major key||Minor key|
|B, E, A, D, G, C, F||C flat major||A flat minor|
|B, E, A, D, G, C||G flat major||E flat minor|
|B, E, A, D, G||D flat major||B flat minor|
|B, E, A, D||A flat major||F minor|
|B, E, A||E flat major||C minor|
|B, E||B flat major||G minor|
|B||F major||D minor|
|C major||A minor|
|F||G major||E minor|
|F, C||D major||B minor|
|F, C, G||A major||F sharp minor|
|F, C, G, D||E major||C sharp minor|
|F, C, G, D, A||B major||G sharp minor|
|F, C, G, D, A, E||F sharp major||D sharp minor|
|F, C, G, D, A, E, B||C sharp major||A sharp minor|
Images for kids
Chromatic modulation in Bach's Du grosser Schmerzensmann, BWV 300, m. 5-6 ( with half cadence, with PAC) transitions from FM to its relative minor dm through the inflection of C♮ to C♯ between the second and third chords. Note that this modulation does not require a change of key signature.
In Spanish: Tonalidad relativa para niños
Relative key Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.