Rubus argutus facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsRubus argutus
Rubus abundiflorus L.H.Bailey
Rubus betulifolius Small
Rubus floridensis L.H.Bailey
Rubus floridus Tratt.
Rubus incisifrons L.H.Bailey
Rubus louisianus A.Berger
Rubus penetrans L.H.Bailey
Rubus rhodophyllus Rydb.
Rubus argutus is a North American species of prickly bramble in the rose family. It is a perennial native to the eastern and south-central United States from Florida to Texas, Missouri, Illinois, and Maine. Common names are sawtooth blackberry or tall blackberry because of its habit of growing up to 2 meters (80 inches) in height.
Rubus argutus can be identified by a number of characteristics. These plants are typically woody shrubs or vines with thorns present on stems, leaves, and flowers. Leaves are alternate and palmately compound. First-year plants have palmate leaves with 5 leaflets while second-year plants have palmate leaves with 3 leaflets. Second-year plants develop racemes of flowers each containing five to twenty flowers. The flowers are typically 5-merous with large, white petals and light green sepals, borne in mid-spring. Second-year plants are also capable of growing the fruit which gives the plant's common name, the blackberry. The fruits are compound drupes which change from bright red to black at maturity. Each section (drupelet) of a blackberry contains a single seed. Second year plants die after bearing fruits, but regrow from the underground portion of the plant.
Blackberry leaves were in the official U.S. pharmacopoeia for a long time and were said to treat digestive problems, particularly diarrhea. Their dried leaves make an excellent tea even when you're healthy.
There are many different species of blackberries. They are all edible and differ by size.
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