South Durras, New South Wales facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsSouth Durras
New South Wales
|Population||327 (2006 census)|
|• Density||101.74/km2 (263.5/sq mi)|
|Elevation||25 m (82 ft)|
|Area||3.214 km2 (1.2 sq mi)|
South Durras is a small village on the South Coast of New South Wales, Australia. South Durras is located approximately 280 kilometres south of Sydney and 15 kilometres north of Batemans Bay, in the local government area of Eurobodalla Shire. The village is surrounded by the Murramarang National Park.
Prior to white settlement, South Durras was home to the Yuin people whose land covered much of the South Coast of New South Wales. Just north of South Durras in the Murramarang Aboriginal Area is what is believed to be the largest midden on the South Coast. While there was some initial hostility between the Yuin and the white settlers, introduced diseases such as smallpox killed off around 95% of the tribe, leaving them in no state to fight for their land.
The first land grant in the area was made to John Whitehead McNee in 1840 and the name Durras was in use at that time to describe the area. For the next ninety years or so, the area was primarily used for timber cutting with a mill in operation at Wasp Head but the mill's closure in 1929 caused a reappraisal of the area's potential. The land south of Durras Creek was subdivided in 1937 to form the village of Durras which didn't become known as South Durras until the establishment of another settlement north of Durras Lake. In the 1940s and 50s, a school, post office and store were established in the town with electricity introduced in 1960.
- Murramarang National Park is adjacent to South Durras.
- The beach at South Durras features tidal rock pools. Kangaroos graze close to the beach. Wildlife is plentiful, including parrots and goannas.
- A campground is located just in the bush behind the beach.
South Durras has a population of about 330 permanent residents, while in the summer months the population swells to almost 1000.
The climate of South Durras is moderated by the sea, with warm summers and mild sunny winters. Nights can be cold in winter. Thunderstorms can occur between November and March, with rainfall maximums in summer.
|Mean daily maximum temperature (°C)||23.9||24.1||23.3||21.6||19.1||16.8||16.1||17.1||18.6||20.1||21.4||22.8||20.4|
|Mean daily minimum temperature (°C)||16.0||16.3||15.1||12.3||9.4||7.2||5.9||6.5||8.4||10.7||12.8||14.7||11.3|
|Mean total rainfall (mm)||97.3||93.6||108.9||89.1||85.9||86.5||55.9||54.3||61.6||77.3||76.1||74.2||960.6|
|Mean number of rain days||10.8||9.9||10.3||8.8||8.0||7.7||6.9||7.1||8.5||10.1||10.5||10.7||109.4|
|Source: Bureau of Meteorology Records For Moruya Heads, 20km South of Bateman's Bay|
- Protected areas of New South Wales (Australia)
- The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, pp. 2/148, 2/164.
- Guide to New South Wales National Parks, National Parks and Wildlife Service of New South Wales, 2002, p. 45
South Durras, New South Wales Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.