Stamens with prominent anthers carrying pollen
The stamen is a male reproductive organ of a flower. It produces the pollen. The stamen has two parts: anther and stalk. The stalk is also called a filament.
The anther contains microsporangia. Each microsporangium contains pollen mother cells. These undergo meiosis, and produce pollen grains, which contain the male gametes (sperm).
The pollen grains are actually haploid male gametophytes.
The pollen is released by the opening of the anther. The pollen is carried by some agent (wind, or some animal) to the receptive surface of the stigma of the same or another flower. This process is known as pollination. After successful pollination, the pollen grain (immature microgametophyte) completes its development by growing a pollen tube and the two male gametes move through the pollen tube to the ovule.
Images for kids
Hippeastrum flowers showing stamens above the style (with its terminal stigma)
Cross section of a Lilium stamen, with four locules surrounded by the tapetum
Stamen with pollinia and its anther cap. Phalaenopsis orchid.
Scanning electron microscope image of Pentas lanceolata anthers, with pollen grains on surface