Umlaut facts for kids
The umlaut is the name of the two small dots above the letters A, O, and U in German. Without umlauts those three letters are said [a], [o], and [u], but when the umlauts are put over them, Ä, Ö, and Ü the sounds change to be said like [ɛ], [œ]/[ø] and [y]/[ʏ]. When a word that has letters with an umlaut is changed into English, the letters are usually written as ae, oe, or ue instead of ä, ö, or ü.
Umlaut Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.