kids encyclopedia robot

Wynyard Park, Sydney facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Wynyard Park
Wynyard Park Sydney from above.jpg
Wynyard Park seen from north
Type Urban park
Location York, Carrington, Margaret and Wynyard Streets, Sydney central business district, City of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Area 0.7 hectares (2 acres)
Created 1887 (1887)
Designer
  • Mortimer Lewis (1835-1849)
  • Charles Moore (1848-1896)
Etymology General Edward Buckley Wynyard
Operated by City of Sydney
Open 24 hours
Status Open all year
Public transit access
  • TfNSW T.svg: TfNSW T1.svg/TfNSW T2.svg/TfNSW T3.svg/TfNSW T8.svg/TfNSW T9.svg: Wynyard
  • TfNSW F.svg: Barangaroo
  • TfNSW B.svg: Wynyard
  • TfNSW L.svg: Wynyard
Invalid designation
Official name: Wynyard Park Including Parkland, Mature Trees, Remnant Fences, Underground; Wynyard Square
Type: Local government (landscape)
Criteria: a., c., d.
Designated: 9 December 2005
Reference #: 65
Group: Parks, Gardens and Trees
Category: Urban park
Invalid designation
Official name: Archaeological item - Wynyard Park
Type: Local government (archaeological - terrestrial)
Criteria: a., c., d.
Designated: 6 December 2006
Group: Defence
Category: Barracks and housing

Wynyard Park is a 0.7-hectare (2-acre) urban park in the Sydney central business district, in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Wynyard Park is bounded by York, Carrington, Margaret and Wynyard Streets. Surrounded by modern high-rise buildings it is one of the most densely built-up and intensively used parks in Sydney. Entrances to Wynyard railway station are located on the north-eastern and north-western corners of the park.

Wynyard Park is the site of the first military barracks in Australia, the present park having its location, form and dimensions from the space of the original parade ground that the barracks occupied. The site is one Australia's oldest parks to be continuously set aside as open space for public use in an urban context. The park has maintained its role as an open square for public meetings, political protests, entertainment, assembly and passive recreation since its dedication as a public park in 1887.

Wynyard Park is a popular place for office workers to eat lunch. Also, many bus services to the northern suburbs originate their journeys in the streets bordering the park.

History

The space which is now Wynyard Park was originally the parade ground of the first military barracks established shortly after the European colonisation of Sydney in 1788. It was from the park that the New South Wales Corps marched to arrest Governor Bligh in 1808, an event later known as the Rum Rebellion. Following the 1848 completion of Victoria Barracks, the barracks site was subdivided and private dwellings and shops were developed. Provision was made for a square to remain on the higher part of the former Barrack Square. From 1848-1887 the area was known as Wynyard Square, named after General Wynyard, Commander of British Forces in Australia, from 1848 to 1853. The square was dedicated as a recreation ground in 1875 and fenced and landscaped. Like similar squares in England its use was confined to residents who held keys to the gates, although by 1907 the American trend of removing fences around parks had been copied here.

The original George Street military barracks were much larger in area, extending from Barrack Street in the south to almost Jamieson Street in the north, and extending west to Clarence Street

Also in the 1880s a bus terminus was established for passengers from the southern suburbs, beginning the area’s long association with public transport. The building of a railway station here was first suggested in 1881 but it was 1932 before Wynyard Station opened. The square was dedicated as a public park in 1887 and the following year a bandstand was erected in the centre of the park. The park's most significant period was 1890 to 1910 when it was well planned and established. Its layout reflects this late Victorian Period in its landscape design. Colonial Architect Mortimer Lewis (1835-1849) and the Director of the Sydney Botanic Gardens Charles Moore (1848-1896), influenced the design of the park. From 1887 it became known as Wynyard Park.

When the Sydney underground railways (now part of the Sydney Trains network) were constructed in 1927, Wynyard railway station was constructed by excavating the park and then rebuilding the park after the station had been constructed.

Description

At the northern end of the park is a statue by Giovanni Fontana from 1890 of the Reverend J. D. Lang, the Presbyterian minister and controversialist, lived at Wynyard Square and was responsible for the erection of the Scots Church in 1826. His statue is close to the Church, formerly the main Presbyterian church in central Sydney.

The ornate underground men’s lavatory with a domed glass roof was built in 1912 and is similar to others at Hyde Park, Taylor Square and Macquarie Place Park.

The park includes mature border plantings of Moreton Bay Figs (Flindersia Australis) and Plane trees, an Art Nouveau toilet block including fences, signs and lights, and sandstone walls.

Gallery

kids search engine
Wynyard Park, Sydney Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.